Learning outcomes of the course unit
Introducing the students of physics to the basic elements of the physical chemistry
Notions of thermodynamics, general chemistry, general physics and mathematical analysis
Course contents summary
Reminds of thermodynamic concepts. Equilibrium conditions in terms of
thermodynamic potentials (U,H,F,G). Multi-phase multi-component systems.
Extensive and intensive variables. Partial quantities and chemical
potentials. Gibbs-Duhem equation. Chemical potentials and equilibrium
conditions in multi-phase systems with more than one component. Equilibria
in chemical reacting systems. Equilibrium constants. Multiple equilibria.
Interface energy and equilibrium conditions (Ostwald and Gibbs-Thomson
equations). Phase rule and some applications. Thermodynamic quantities as
estimated from calorimetric data. Thermal analysis. Standard thermodynamic
quantities. Nernst heat theorem and the third law of thermodynamics. State
equations in real systems. Concepts of fugacity and activity in gaseous
and condensed systems. Experimental determination of molar partial
State diagrams of multi-phase systems with one, two and three independent
components. Clausius-Clapeyron equation and its generalization.
Intermediate phases and existence regions (phenomenological approach).
Stoichiometry defect in compound crystals. Ideal, regular and non-regular
solutions. Invariant transitions (eutectic and peritectic systems).
First-order phase transitions (brief description). Chemical kinetics:
brief mention of collision theory of reaction rates and activated states.
Problems and examples of application.
Lecture notes. As to suggested further reading:
G.W.Castellan, Physical Chemistry, Addison-Wesley, London, 1964 (selected chapters)
oral lectures and oral examinations