# INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS

## Learning outcomes of the course unit

Developing a platform of language and basic concepts shared by all students with different educational backgrounds (technical college, scientific secondary high schools, classics secondary high schools) and different degrees of preparation.

## Prerequisites

None. The scientific preparation provided by secondary high schooling is sufficient.

## Course contents summary

Six-month Unit in the first semester of the first year in the Degree Course in Physics as per the New Regulations.

The Unit provides four learning credits, and it can be subdivided into four blocks as detailed below, each of which is equivalent to one credit.

First block.

Some algebra (“revision” according to the basic scientific and mathematical knowledge possessed by the students participating in the course).

Numbers, their various formats, orders of magnitude, approximate estimation using simple arithmetical operations, graphs, histograms, functions and their geometric representation, etc.

Dimensional relations.

The principal units of measure and their conversion

Second block

Modern physics, using a number of intuitive examples based on simple tools and familiar and/or commonly-used terminology.

Third block

Introductory lessons of mechanics, requiring a minimal knowledge of mathematical techniques.

- Time and distance

- Probability, binomial and normal distribution

- Vectors

- Force and forces

- Gravity

- Motion

- Newton’s Laws (1 and 2)

- Work and potential energy

- The conservation of momentum

- Conservation of energy

Fourth block

In a few laboratory sessions, the concept of measure and relative error will be examined, and methodological aspects in the hypothesis-experimental verification relationship will be introduced.

Data collection and analysis: systematic and random fluctuation; methodological characteristics of written reports.

The laboratory experiments are based on “falling weights” and/or “spring oscillators”.

## Recommended readings

Feynmann Lectures in Physics. First Volume