ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Theobjectives of the course are those to give the tools to understand the sources,the chemical reactions, the transport and the fate of the chemical pollutants inthe atmosphere, water and soil and their influence on the human health and onthe environment; to give a methodology for a new approach for the industrialsynthesis of chemicals through environmental benign processes; to show the actualregulations for the packaging waste management.
Knowledge of the arguments developed in the Organic Chemistry and Generaland Inorganic Chemistry courses
Course contents summary
Bonds and molecules: their influence on the physico-chemical propertiesof the environment. Environmental chemical transformations and degradationprocesses: abiotic transformations and degradations, biotransformations andbiodegradations, kinetic and thermodynamic aspects. Environmental pollutants:oil, PCB and dioxins, pesticides, PAHs and organometallic compounds, soap anddetergents, synthetic polymers. Processes in the natural environment: chemistryand pollution of atmosphere, water and soil. Distributions of chemicals in theenvironment. The green chemistry: the 12 principles and the environmentalquotient; the ideal synthesis and atom economy concepts; multicomponent,multistep and solventless reactions; comparison between “classical” and“environmentally benign” industrial syntheses. Waste disposal methods and wastemanagement according to DL n° 22/97 (Ronchi Decree), with particular focus onthe packaging management.
Des W. Connell, “Basic Concepts of Environmental Chemistry”, LewisPublishers, N.Y.