Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is aimed to provide to the students the basic concepts and techniques for the interpretation of sedimentary rocks and succession through stratigraphy and facies analysis and their common applications.
Course contents summary
Origins, scopes and problems of Stratigraphy
The economic value of sedimentary rocks
Methodologies, physical and temporal scales
The traditional stratigraphic units: introduction to the general classification criteria
The stratification and its controlling processes
Facies analysis; facies concept, facies and attualism; catastrophism and uniformitarianism; from facies to processes and sedimentary environments; diachronous vs synchronous facies boundaries; facies associations and facies sequences; trace fossils.
Outcrop study methodology
Outcrop analysis: problems, methodologies and data rappresentation
Depositional system concept, Alluvial system, marginal marine, shallow and deep-water systems; carbonate platforms
Origin and classification of sedimentary basins
Absolute and relative dating
General concepts, regional and local correlations
Sedimentary successions dynamics
Transgressions, regressions, sedimentary cycles; relative sea-level changes; unconformities and their origin; depositional sequence and allostratigraphic units; eustatic curves; sedimentary cyclicity and basic elements of cyclostratigraphy.
Allen Ph.A. and Allen J.R., 1990 - Basin Analysis : Principles and Applications, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford
Prothero D.R., 1990 - Interpreting the Stratigraphic Record - W.H. Freeman & Company, New York
Reading H.G. (editor), 1996 - Sedimentary Environments: Processes, Facies and Stratigraphy (Third Edition) - Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford
Bridge J. and Demicco R., 2008 - Earth Surface Processes, Landforms and Sediment Deposits - Cambridge University Press