Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students must acquire general concepts of hygiene and preventive medicine for prevention and promotion of health through the study of molecular epidemiology of transmittable diseases and chronic degenerative diseases.
Course contents summary
Hygiene: definition and purposes.
Epidemiology: application of epidemiology.
Sources of statistical-epidemiological data. . Main measures in epidemiology: proportions and rates; incidence and prevalence; mortality and lethality. Epidemiological measures of risk: attributable risk, relative risk.
Epidemiological studies: ecological, cross-sectional, case-control, cohort studies. Experimental studies.
Efficacy assessment of medical interventions; ethical and privacy aspects .
General epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases.
Infection sources; ways of income and elimination of pathogenic micro-organisms; propagation modality; notification, isolation, diagnostic assessment, disinfection, asepsis, antisepsis.
Active immune prophylaxis : composition of the vaccine; the main vaccines; production of new vaccines; the vaccine strategies.
Passive immune prophylaxis; chemio-prophylaxis.
Means and strategies of prevention
Tertiary, secondary, primary prevention.
Epidemiology and prevention of viral Hepatitis; of HIV; of Tetanus; of Tuberculosis; of respiratory viral infection.
Epidemiology and prevention of chronic-degenerate pathologies.
Food education; hygiene of foods, feed infection and toxinfection.
Health and atmosphere: quality of air and waters.
Pollution of atmosphere.
Pollution of air and superficial and deep waters. Drinkability of waters, purification of drainages.
Elements of organization and sanitary legislation.
Igiene- Barbuti S.,Bellelli E.,Fara GM., Gianmanco G.-Ed.Monduzzi (II°ed)
Consultazione :Epidemiologia,Biostatistica e Medicina preventiva . JF Jekel,DL Kat JG Elmore EdiSES( 2005)