Learning outcomes of the course unit
1. Teaching to the student the scientific method for studying organic chemistry.
2. Giving the bases for the interpretation of the main phenomena happening in the biological systems and in food as a consequence of the technological processes and during the conservation.
3. Showing that a knowledge at the molecular level constitutes the base for the understanding the structural and functiona characteristics of foods (correlation structrue - physico-chemical properties and biological activity, organoleptical proeprties, etc).
4. Supplying knowledge on the experimental procedures used in control and research laboratories.
Inorganic and General Chemistry must be passed before Organic Chemistry.
Course contents summary
Carbonyl compounds. Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl compounds; acylic nucleophilic substitution reactions; redox reactions. Aldol and Claisen condensation reactions.
Carboxylic acids, amines, phenols: physico-chemical properties and reactivity.
Carbohydrates: monosaccharides and their physico-chemical properties, reducing and not reducing sugars, mutarotation, disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides.
Lipids; fatty acids and triglycerides; saponification reaction.
Amino acids, peptides and proteins; acid-base properties of ammino acids; solubility and reactivity.
Laboratory experiences linked to the module of Organic Chemistry II: 1) Purification of caffein and benzoic acid by acid-base reaction and liquid-liquid extraction and their identification in a commercial drink by TLC. 2) Isolation of lactose from milk, properties of carbohydrates; 3) Isolation of caseins from milk, propertis of amino acids and proteins.
BROWN, FOOTE. Chimica Organica (Edises).
- MC MURRY. Chimica Organica (Zanichelli).
- VOLLHARDT, SCHORE. Chimica Organica (Zanichelli).
- BRUICE. Chimica Organica (Edises).
- MORRISON, BOYD. Chimica Organica (Ambrosiana).
Written exercises: during the course written exercises on the subjects will be done. Laboratory experiences: during the course various laboratory experiences will be done. For the admission to tha oral examination at least 80% of the experiences are to be attended, and the delivery of the laboratory notebook at least two week before the oral examination.
The examination of the Integrated Course of Organic Chemistry is intended as one, made up of the following parts: written verification on the arguments of the module of Organic Chemistry I (which can already be done during the suspension week); written verification on the arguments of the module of Organic Chemistry II; oral examination on the arguments of both modules and on the laboratory exoperiences.