EQUINE NUTRITION AND DIET
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students are expected to acquire concepts regarding the nutritional value and chemical and biological characteristics of feeds. Learn the scientific bases of the rationing process. Know feeding techniques and know how to manage horse feeding on the basis of the requirements of the various phases of the production cycle.
Know animal physiology with special reference to the physiology of the digestive tract, reproduction, lactation and muscular activity
Course contents summary
- Proteins, carbohydrates and lipids: classification, general properties and nutritional roles;
- Vitamins and minerals: role, requirement, deficiency and interaction with various components of diet;
- Water: functions and quantitative/qualitative aspects;
Metabolic use of organic and inorganic matter.
Voluntary consumption of dry matter: assessment and sources of variation.
Factors affecting digestibility feeds: physical shape, palatability, preservability and dietetic action
Nutritive value and energy utilisation of feeds
Chemical-nutritional evaluation of foods: fodder; energy sources, protein sources.
Nutritional requirements: Variation factors.
Scientific bases and techniques for ration optimisation
NRC (1989) - Nutrient Requirements of Horses, Fifth Revised Edition ,National Research Council, Washington D.C.
LEWIS D.L. (1998) - Alimentazione e allevamento del cavallo. Edizioni mediche scientifiche internazionali, Roma.
JARRIGE R., MARTIN ROSSET W. (1993) - Il cavallo. Riproduzione- selezione- alimentazione- sfruttamento. Masson S.p.A.- Milano
PICCIONI M. (1989) - Dizionario degli Alimenti per il Bestiame, Edagricole, Bologna.
FRAPE D. (2004) - Equine Nutrition and Feeding. Blackwell Publishing Oxford UK.