GENERAL CHEMISTRY A
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course of General Chemistry is aimed:
- to supply a chemical reading key for the understanding of the natural phenomena;
- to introduce the fundamental knowledge for the study of matter in relation to its composition, structure, reactivity, property.
The course is organized topics with particular reference to problems involving the environment.
Course contents summary
The foundations of the atomic theory of matter. Substances, elements, compounds. Atomic and molecular mass. Isotopes. Oxidation number. Nomenclature of inorganic compounds. Mole. Chemical reactions. Stoichiometry.
Atomic structure of matter
Introduction to quantum mechanics. Bohr's atom and developments of the model. Atomic orbitals. Electronic configurations of elements. Periodic table and periodic properties of elements.
Ionic and covalent models of chemical bond. Lewis symbolism, structure formula. Valence bond theory. Hybrid orbitals. VSEPR theory and molecular geometry. Pauling electronegativity. Introduction to the Molecular Orbital theory. Bonding in metals. Weak intermolecular interactions.
Introduction to the kinetic theory of gases. Properties and laws of ideal and real gases. Speed of gaseous molecules and temperature. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.
Symmetry in crystals. Crystallographic classes and systems. Correlation between properties and structure in ionic, molecular and metallic crystals. Polymorphism, isomorphism.
Properties of liquids. Vapour pressure and temperature. Properties and compositions of solutions. Ways to express composition. Raoult's law and deviations from the ideal behaviour. Colligative properties.
Kotz, Treichel - Chimica, SES
Malatesta, Cenini - Principi di chimica generale, C.E. Ambrosiana
Atkins, Jones - Chimica Generale, Zanichelli
Zanello, Mangani, Valensin - Le basi della chimica, C.E. Ambrosiana
Manotti-Lanfredi, Tiripicchio - Fondamenti di chimica, C.E. Ambrosiana