Learning outcomes of the course unit
To provide the bases of animal biology
Course contents summary
The cell. The animal cell. Structure and function of membranes. Structure and function of the nucleus. Internal membranes system: endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes; functions and intracellular movement of proteins. Mitochondria and energy production. Cytoskeleton. Cell division: mitosis and meiosis. The genome. Organisation of complex eukaryotic genomes. Control of gene expression and regulation. Hystology and anatomy of animals. Embryogenesis of vertebrates. Animal tissues: epithelium, connective, muscular, nerve tissues. Animal organs and apparata: epidermis, skeleton, muscles, circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, excretory system, nervous system, reproduction. Immunity. Hormone control. Animal taxonomy. Classification and nomenclature. Main evolutionary lines in Animals. Main animal groups. Protists. Porifers, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminths, nemertines, Nemtodes, rotifers. Molluscs, Annelids, arthropods. Echinodermata. Cordata.
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