Learning outcomes of the course unit
The object of the course is to provide theoretical and practical knowledge for the clinical approach to the patient. The history, the general impression and the examination of the patient aim at investigating the signs that cause of the disorder in order to performe tha diagnosis. The student must be able to record the history, to examinate and elaborate the clinical signs.
Course contents summary
Definitions: hystorical view; procedures of the physical examination: inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, measurements, instruments and diagnostics. Sampling of urine, liquids, gastric and rumen contents, microbiological exams.
Scheme for a physical examination. Historyand the approach to the client and patient. Identification of the patient.
Present status: general impression and examination. Objective, skeleton and constitution, nutritional conditions, level of consciousness and behaviou, locomation, coat and subcutaneous tissue, mucosae, lymphnodes; temperature.
Kidney and urinary tract.
Skin, hair and nails.
BIRCHARD S.J., SHERDING R.G.: Manuale di Clinica dei piccoli animali, Piccin ed., Padova, 1998.
BISTNER and FORD: Handbook of veterinary procedures and emergency treatment, VI Ed. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1995
CROW S.E., WALSHAW S.O.: Manuale di procedimenti clinici nel cane e nel gatto UTET, Torino
KELLY W. R.: Diagnostica clinica in Medicina Veterinaria, ed. italiana, Paolo Gagliardi Ed. (LU).
MESSIERI A., MORETTI B.: Semeiologia e Diagnostica Medica veterinaria, Tinarelli Ed., Bologna.
ROSEMBERGER G.: L'esame clinico del Bovino, SGV Ed., Piacenza.
UBALDI A., CORBELLA E., MONTANARI P.: Diagnostica chimico-clinica veterinaria, Ed- Ambrosiana, Milano.