Diet and nutrition
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students should acquire knowledge of the chemical and biological assessment of foods for animals and for identifying the factors which affect the digestibility and use of foods. They should learn the concepts regarding food rationing and nutritional requirements for pigs in relation to the various stages of production and reproduction.
Must possess knowledge regarding animal physiology with particular reference to the physiology of the digestive, reproductive and lactation systems.
Course contents summary
a) - Food. Chemical composition of fodder in relation to the systems of preservation and use and also of the simple feeds of plant origin (cereals, seeds and fruits of leguminous and non-leguminous plants, residues from oil, milling and sugar industries, rice processing, alcohol and beer production, starch) and of animal origin (residues from dairy, fish and meat industries). Anti-nutritional factors. Water.
b) - Chemical and nutritional assessment of foods for ruminants and monogastrics.
c) - Pig diet and nutrition. Energy, protein, mineral and vitamin requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy and lactation. Food plans for pregnant and lactating sows, for pigs being weaned and for growth and fattening. Food factors that affect reproductive and productive efficiency as well as the quality of the derived products.
- Cevolani D. (2004) -Prontuario degli alimenti per il suino. Edag ricole, Bologna.
- Piccioni M. (1989) - Dizionario degli alimenti per il bestiame. Edagricole, Bologna
- McDonald P., Edwards R.A., Greenhlgh J.F.D. (1992) - Nut rizione animale. Ed. Tecniche Nuove, Milano
- National Research Council (1998) Nutrient Requirement of domestic animals: Pigs. National Academic Science. Washington D.C.
- Verstegen M.V.A., Moughan P.J., Schrama J.W. (1998) - The lactating sow. Wageningen Pers, Wageninge Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.- Pluske J.R., Le Dividich J., Verstegen M.W.A. (2003) - Weaning the pig.Wageningen Pers, Wageninge Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.