The themes explored aim to provide the PhD student in Materials Science and Technology with basic and more specific knowledge in the field of materials with confined dimensions. The discussion on the property-structure relationship will provide critical tools to master multidisciplinary scientific research.
Course contents summary
Amorphous, nanocrystals and crystals
Definition of amorphous, glassy, nanostructured and polycrystalline materials.
0D, 1D 2D and 3D structures and impact on physical and chemical properties.
Introduction on some systems for the production of confined size materials.
Materials characterization techniques from bulk to amorphous.
DSC, TGA, DTA: description of the techniques and principles underlying the thermal analyzes. Application on glass, amorphous and nanomaterials, phase transformations
Fundamental theoretical bases of diffraction of crystalline materials
X-rays, synchrotron light, and neutrons. Description of the large facilities (synchrotrons and neutron sources).
In situ diffraction experiments: study of phase transformations, crystallization, unconventional experimental conditions
SEM scanning electron microscopy: SEM functioning and applications to real cases.
TEM Transmission electron microscopy: basic principles and some examples from biological samples to inorganic materials
AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy): description of the technique and applications.
In perspective: environmental impact and sustainability of nanotechnologies
No text suggested
Lessons based on powepoint slides
Assessment methods and criteria
The student will be involved in the critical discussion of an article chosen from a list of published works.