Visual system diseases practice TRAINING activities-international mobility (Internship)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student will be introduced to the following diagnostic techniques: fluorescein angiography, computer-assisted visual field examination, a-scan and mid-to-high frequency b-scan, biometry. They will also attend sessions of phacoemulsification. At the end of the course, the students will be able to perform a slit lamp examination, a cover-uncover test, an examination of the pupillary light reflex, an evaluation of the visual acuity in adults and children and an evaluation of a supected exophthalmus.
The student , during their stay at the facilities of Otolaryngology and through the guidance of mentors must learn and know pretty much the following methods : 1 ) fiberoptic endoscopy of the upper aereodigestive with the elements for a differential diagnosis of the major diseases of the hypopharynx and larynx ; 2 ) diagnosis of the auditory disorders with the aim to differentiate a transmissive deafness from a mixed or perceptive deafness, cochlear or retrocochlear ; 3 ) the instrumental diagnosis of the vestibular apparatus with the aim of being able to interpret the study of the vestibulo- oculomotor reflex and the vestibulo- spinal reflex . The student must also perform independently otoscopy , rhinoscopy and the exploration of the oral cavity.
Course contents summary
The students, by attending the outpatient clinic, the inpatient clinic and the operative theatres, will gain skills in clinical examinations of the visually impaired patients, as well as of those suffering for ocular adnexal diseases. The students will also attend surgical sessions, endorsing mainly cataract extraction procedures. Olso the course aims to make students learn and know the most important semeiological maneuvers in otolaryngology . The student will attend the department, outpatient clinics and special services and they will be capable to perform, with strict observance of a tutor, otoscopy , rhinoscopy and the exploration of the oral cavity; Students will also attend the fiberoptic endoscopy as well as the audiologic and vestibular services.
Azzolini, Carta, Gandolfi, Marchini, Menchini, Simonelli, Traverso: "Clinica dell' apparato visivo" Ed. Edra - Masson , Edizione: II 9/2014
C. Sborgia – N. Delle Noci, Malattie dell’Apparato Visivo, Ed. Piccin
J.J. Kanski, Oftalmologia clinica, Ed. Elsevier
L. Bonomi, Argomenti di Oftalmologia, Protei Editori
M. Miglior – B. Bagolini – B. Boles Carenino – N. Orzatesi – L. Scullica M. Zingirian, Oftalmologia Clinica, Ed. Monduzzi
Roberto Albera - Giovanni Rossi: Otorinolaringoiatria III Edizione - Edizioni Minerva Medica
Enrico de Campora - Paolo Pagnini: Otorinolaringoiatria – Elsevier
The aims of the course will be achieved by tutor-assisted practical sessions, (n = 2 students / session), performed in the University Eye Clinic.
The objectives of the course are olso pursued through the frequency of the student at the facilities of Otolaryngology . The students, in small groups, log on to the department , outpatient clinics and special services . The guidance of a tutor allows them to learn some educational objectives gestures , such as the exploration of the oral cavity , and to attend the methodical exploration of the upper aereodigestive , execution and interpretation of audiological and vestibular tests .
Assessment methods and criteria
The verification will be implemented as part of the oral exam within the Course and contribute to the definition of the final grade.