Learning outcomes of the course unit
-The knowledge of the mechanisms by which the human organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis at level of cell and tissue, the mechanisms of transport and communication and the basal metabolism.
-The knowledge of the functional mechanisms of the human body organs, the knowledge of their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general mechanisms of functional control in normal conditions and in particular pathological conditions.
-The knowledge of the main functional reports in healthy humans.
Course contents summary
The first part of the course is focused on the mechanisms underlying the general functions of the cells as transports, electrical and chemical communication, mechanical activity, metabolism.
The second part of the course addresses questions on the functions of the main apparatus of the body as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal and endocrine.
Properties and functions of cell membranes. Excitation, Conduction and Trasmission of the Nerve impulse. Muscle Excitation and Contraction. Dynamics of the Peripheral Circulation.
Electrical Impulse Formation and Conduction of the Heart. The Cardiac Pump. Cardiovascular Control. Uptake and Delivery of the Respiratory Gases. Pulmonary Gas exchange. Mechanisms of Breathing. Control of Ventilation.Physiology of the Body Fluids. Renal Functions. Regulation of the Osmolarity. Acid-base balance. Principle of action and endocrine control of the thyroid, adrenal gland, pancreatic and pituitary hormones. Regulation of mineral metabolism.
Testi consigliati (uno a scelta):
-FISIOLOGIA, dalle molecole ai sistemi integrati.
E. Carbone, F. Cicirata, G. Aicardi.
W.J. Germann, C.L. Stanfield,
P.E. Di Prampero, A. Veicsteinas
Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lectures.
Assessment methods and criteria
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide http://selma.unipr.it/).
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://sea.unipr.it/it/servizi/le-eli-che-supporto-studenti-con-disabil...)