Learning outcomes of the course unit
Allow the student to know and understand, at a basic level, the etiologic agents present in the environment that are responsible for disease manifestations and the occurrence of tumors. The acquisition of knowledge of medical terminology is intended to allow the student to apply the knowledge and understanding gained in the professional future.
Course contents summary
Physical, chemical and biological causes of the disease. Environmental and nutritional pathology. Molecular and cellular oncology and the aetiology of cancer.
The biological homeostasis. Health and disease. The pathogenic factors. Biological bases in preparation for the course.
The biological basis of cancer. Terminology. Benign and malignant tumors.
Chemical, physical and biological causes of tumors. Chemical Carcinogenesis. Initiation and promotion.
The extrinsic pathogenic factors. Causes of disease of physical nature: transfer of mechanical, thermal, electrical and electromagnetic energy.
Radiation. Radioactivity: accidental and caused emissions. Biological damage from ionizing and exciting radiations.
Causes of chemical nature. Pollution of the natural environment: air, water, soil. Industrial pollution and occupational hazards. Inorganic and organic substances.
Food Pollution. Toxic foods. Accidental and intentional contamination.
Contamination from individual peculiar habits. Smoking, alcohol, drug addictions. Causes of biological nature. Nutritional Pathology.
Pontieri G.M. Elementi di Patologia Generale per i corsi di Laurea in Professioni Sanitarie. PICCIN III edizione.
During the lectures will be presented and discussed the topics listed in the program trying to involve the student so that he/she can be an active part of the lesson. According to the regulation of the Italian Government and the University of Parma about the COVID-19 pandemics, the present course is realized with frontal lessons via mixed in-presence and at-distance modality. In particular, the teacher takes lessons in the classroom with the help of PC (Powerpoint slides); simultaneous connection of the PC to the Teams platform in streaming modality ensures connection with students not present in the classroom. Each lesson is registered and loaded in the Elly portal of the course, together with the slides. The teacher is available for further explanations in office or by distance via Teams after e-mail appointment, or via chat on Elly platform.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course provides an oral examination. Through questions regarding the course content will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and if he/she has reached the goal of applying the acquired knowledge. The student at the end of the course, using the knowledge gained will need to demonstrate knowledge and understanding about the causes that can alter the state of health with particular reference to cancer. In case the COVID-related sanitary emergence continues, the examination will proceed on the Teams platform (see the guidelines at the address: http://selma.unipr.it/).