GENERAL PATHOLOGY AND DIAGNOSTICH ANALYSIS
The students will acquire knowledge on the main pathological processes of interest for their profession and will be able to apply it to situations of practical interest.
Adequate bases of anatomy, biochemistry and physiology.
The course will provide some basic concepts of General Pathology, such as cell damage and Death, acute and chronic inflammation.
This information will be the basis to introduce the most common laboratory exams performed to evaluate the physiopathological consequences of exercise.
A) Elements of General Pathology
- Cell damage and death
- Acute and chronic inflammation
B) The complete blood count (CBC)
- The hematocrit and its alterations
C) Indicators of tissue damage
- Organ-specific and non organ-specific indicators
- Acute phase reaction, CRP and VES
- Indicators of overtraining
- EIB and anaphylaxis
- PEIS and immunocompetence
E) Organ damage
- Organ profiles
- Hepatic profile
- Heart profile
F) Diabetes Mellitus
- Physiopathological and biochemical bases
- The main types of DM
- The role of exercise in DM
- Esercise as the polypill
The reference text is Antoniozzi, Gulletta (eds.)
Medicina di laboratorio
Logica & Patologia Clinica
III ed., Piccin, Padova, 2019, which provides updated, pathophisiologically based information on clinical pathology and include a specific discussion on laboratory and exercise.
Other references will be provided during the lectures.
Interactive lectures supported by slides which will be availble for the students on the Elly platform. The lectures will be carried on through a dialogue between the teacher and the students. Examples of situations in which the laboratory helps to define exercise outcomes will be also provided so as to raise the interest of the students.
Oral examination. The examiner will choose one of the subjects included in the detailed program (and discussed during the lectures). The student will have to describe the subject and to discuss it with the examiner to demonstrate her/his competencies.