Learning outcomes of the course unit
The main objective of this course is to give students the basic knowledge of eukaryotic cells, tissues and human organs (with particular emphasis to the acustic and phonetic apparatus), together with the basic knowledge of the mechanisms by which the human organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis at level of cell and tissue, the mechanisms of transport and communication and the basal metabolism. At the end of the course, students will know and will be able to discuss critically on eukaryotic cells organisation, on the intra and inter cellular relationships and on tissue organisation. Also, they will be able to discuss critically and with an appropriate language on the functional mechanisms of the human body organs, the knowledge of their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general mechanisms of functional control in normal conditions and in particular pathological conditions.
Course contents summary
The Course is articulated into three main modules:
Anatomy: Organization of human body: terminology and body plans. Concept of organ, apparatus and system. Locomotion apparatus: general characteristics and classification of bones, joint and muscles. Blood and lymphatic vascular apparata. Morphology and structure of heart. General characteristics of pulmonary and systemic circulation. General characteristics of lymphatic circulation and lymphopoietic organs. Respiratory system: nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, larynx (cartilages, articulations, ligaments and muscles), trachea, bronchi, lungs.
Digestive system: morphology and structure of oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Associated glands: liver, pancreas.Urinary system: morphology and structure of kidney and urinary tract. Endocrine apparatus: general characteristics of structural organization of endocrine glands. Nervous system: organization of central nervous system and its components (spinal cord, encephalic trunk, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon). Main ways of general sensitivity and of motor system. General organization of peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Ear. VIII cranial nerve. Auditory pathway, vestibular pathway.
Physiology: General functions of the cells; transports, electrical and chemical communication, mechanical activity, metabolism. Principles of cardiovascular and respiratory physiology
Istology: The module of Istology aims to teach to students the basic knowledge of the cell and its components (plasma membrane, cytoplasm, Golgi's apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitocondria, nucleus), the cell cycle, the stem cells, the processes involved in cell differentiation, the formation and organisation of tissuses.
Anatomy: Artico M. et al. Anatomia umana-Principi; Edi-Ermes, Milano; Ambrosi et al. Anatomia dell'Uomo; Edi-Ermes, Milano.
Fisiologia: Fisiologia Umana Elementi Casa Editrice Edi Ermes
Histology: Materiale didattico fornito dal docente incluse le diapositive del corso. Il testo di riferimento e': R. SCANDROGLIO: LA CELLULA; ED. SCIENTIFICHE OPPICI ; R. SCANDROGLIO: I TESSUTI DEFINITIVI ED. SCIENTIFICHE OPPICI.
The course will be held through lectures to Students either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. Therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform.
Lectures will be supported by slide presentations, which will be available to students on the Elly platform (https://elly.medicina.unipr.it).
Assessment methods and criteria
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows: remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide http://selma.unipr.it/).
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://sea.unipr.it/it/servizi/le-eli-che-supporto-studenti-con-disabil...)
There will be a final exam during which the student wil be asked questions on topics discussed during the course. Not only will be the understanding of a specific topic valued, but also the capacity of the student to trace those links necessary to the understanding of the istology, anatomy and physiology of the apparatus described.