GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
General and Applied Hygiene course aims to provide students with the basic knowledge to understand factors that may interact with the health of the individual and the community, and learn the meaning of prevention strategies. Basically it provides a series of transversal knowledge that should guarantee the starting point for further exploration of issues that will be addressed in other teaching activities over the three-year period.
Course contents summary
The course aims to provide knowledge of the basic concepts of epidemiology and general prevention of infectious and chronic - degenerative diseases with particular reference to current public health issues. Particular attention is paid to the general aspects related to occupational exposure and to the principles underlying the prevention strategies to be adopted.
General epidemiology of infectious diseases: Host-parasite relations, sources and reservoirs of infection, transmission mode, mode of occurrence of infections in the population. General prophylaxis: types and levels of prevention; diagnosis, notification, isolation, sterilization, disinfection, pest control.
Active immunoprophylaxis, vaccines, vaccination schedule and strategies; passive immunoprophylaxis and chemoprophylaxis.
Epidemiology and prevention of non-infectious diseases of social importance.
Environmental hygiene: physical, chemical and biological contaminants and their toxicological aspects. Water hygiene: physical, chemical and microbiological criteria for drinking water. Wastewater biological treatment systems. Air pollution: the main pollutants and their effect on human health.
C. Signorelli – Igiene e Sanità Pubblica - secrets domande e risposte 2017
Società Editrice Universo
Assessment methods and criteria
The student must demonstrate, through an oral exam, to have learned the basic principles of epidemiology and prevention, and to be able to evaluate the general preventive actions to be taken in the workplace and environment according to different ways and levels of exposure to risks.