HUMAN ANATOMY AND HISTOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The target of the course is to make the student familiar and acquainted with principles of macroscopic, microscopic and topographical anatomy that will be exploited in order to: 1) become a not to be set aside load of knowledge for a professional in the biomedical field; 2) acquire propaedeucities which are fundamental for the comprehension of the argument that will be matter the following courses; 3)acquire specific competence that can result practically useful in the professional environment. At the end of the course the student will be asked to be able to express, in a proper technical language,the acquired anatomical concepts and, in particular, the student will be asked to shows hia capacity in identifying organs by reading microscopic slides.
Basic concepts in chemistry and Physics. No specific propaedeucity required.
Course contents summary
The first lessons will concern technical aspects of morphological sciences including basic concepts in microscopy. Macroscopic and topographical anatomy will the subjects of the following lessons,with particular emphasis on the issues more relevant with the peculiar professional profile of this course. The last part of the course will be about microscopic anatomy also with a series practical sessions (slides interpretation).
General organization of the human body systems and devices. Anatomical Terminology. Anatomical planes. Muscolo-skeletal apparatus: classification of bones, joints and muscles. Cardiovascular system: general organization of small and large circulation, gross anatomy of the heart. Microscopic anatomy and ultrastructure of the myocardium, arteries, veins and capillaries. Emo-lymphopoietic System: anatomical organization of bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph node. Digestive system: general organization. Microscopic anatomy of the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver and pancreas. Ultrastructure and immunocytochemistry of the gastric mucosa, the intestinal villus, the liver lobule. Histo-functional correlations. Respiratory System: general organization of the upper and lower airways. Microscopic anatomy of the lung. Histo-functional correlations. Urinary system: gross anatomy of the kidney, ureter and bladder. Renal vasculature. Structure and ultrastructure of the nephron. Histo-functional correlations. Endocrine System: Histology and ultrastructural immunocytochemistry of the pituitary gland, thyroid, adrenal glands and endocrine pancreas. Histo-functional correlations. Nervous system: general organization of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve plexus. Immunocytochemistry of the neuron.
Anatomia Umana (Martini et al.) ed. EdiSES Anatomia Clinica 2° ed. (Gaudio, Ripani, Magauuda, Pizzini, Vitale) Ed. A. Delfino Editore
Class lectures. Optical microscope labs in small groups of students
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination. The ability to comply with questions on several topics of the course will allow to check if the candidate has achieved enough general knowledge to proceed further in the career and, more specifically, his/her ability in identify the different organ in optic microscopy samples.