BASIC BIOMEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide the student in Biomedical Laboratory Techniques the basic historical-cultural notions for the understanding of the professional role they are preparing to practice (introductory module).
This path will therefore include an initial part consisting of a historical and normative excursus of laboratory medicine and in particular of the development of health professions, up to the understanding of the role of the laboratory within the health environment. This will be followed by a general part concerning safety in the laboratory, the role of preanalytics for error control (Semeiotics I) and the learning of some basic analytical principles such as: colorimetry, photometry and spectrophotometry (Semeiotics II).
Course contents summary
The course divided into two modules includes the first part:
- a brief historical and normative excursus concerning the birth of laboratory medicine and health professions in Italy;
- role and functions of the biomedical analysis laboratory in healthcare;
- learning the theoretical principles of laboratory semeiotics concerning: a) the preanalytic variables and the errors related to it, b) analytical variability and instrumental analytics: principles of colorimetry, photometry and spectrophotometry.
Quality checks and instrumental calibrations
Brief historical excursus of medicine, in particular of laboratory medicine
• Reference legislation for the development and definition of the functions and responsibilities of health professions in Italy.
• Contents of the Code of Conduct and specific professional profile.
• The role of the laboratory in hospitals (functions and organization).
• The preanalytic and the cause of the pre-analytical error.
• Laboratory Semeiotics I: The preanalytic and the causes of pre-analytical error
Semeiotics II: Analytical variability, instrumental analytics (principles of colorimetry, photometry and spectrophotometry).
Luigi Spandrio "Principles and techniques of clinical chemistry" Piccin-Nuova Libraria Edition
Widman "Clinical Interpretation of Laboratory Exams" Italian edition Giancarlo Gazzola, Renata Franchi-Gazzola, Valeria from the Auction, Ovidio Bussolati and Roberto Sala.
A.Cuneo, A. Rigolin "Italian treatise on laboratory medicine" Piccin Editore.
Filippo Pasquinelli "Diagnostics and laboratory techniques" Rosini Editrice.
Lectures carried out with use of computer media/audiovisual and plenary debate on the contents of the lessons (participatory method).
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination to verify the level of knowledge and acquisition of concepts expressed in class.
Nothing to report.