CONSTRUCTION DESIGN (2° MODULE)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide students the main contents of architectural drawing and architectural survey, in order to make them able to translate the three-dimension geometrical models typical of built architecture into normatively correct representations.
At the end of the course the student will be able to carry out a two-way connection between the reality and its graphical measurable model. This knowledge is essential for the understanding of space and its representation on two-dimensional support. The student will also possess the basic knowledge necessary to use the main tools of survey.
At the end of the course the application of the different methods of survey, made possible by the study and the practice in the field, will permit the student to develop their own graphic language and its expressiveness in the specific field of built architecture.
Independence of judgment
Due to the development of the skills of observation, visualization and expression of spatial forms through the mastery of drawing as a tool for reasoning and representation, at the end of the course the students will be able to identify for themselves the methods and the techniques of representation most appropriate for the communication of their work.
Since the representation is one of the leading forms of language for the communication of architecture, passing the exam, the students must necessarily have acquired the ability to communicate their ideas and surveys through the drawing.
Course contents summary
As a discipline of architecture and, more generally, of the world of construction, representation uses Drawing as a privileged tools for the description of spatial forms through graphic images. In particular, the second module of the course in Construction Design focuses on existing architecture with particular attention to the survey, intended as the most appropriate scientific tool for the knowledge and understanding of built architecture in its ideative, formal and technological-constructive components.
The course is conducted through theoretical and practical lessons so that the student has the opportunity to check operationally the concepts learned during ex-catedra lessons.
In particular, the lessons will insist on the following topics:
- Introduction to Drawing and Survey of architecture: the survey as a tool of knowledge open in time;
- Illustration of the main methods of survey and the main instruments for its graphical restitution;
- The direct survey;
- The instrumental survey: topographic survey and laser-scanner survey;
- The instrumental survey: photogrammetric survey.
- The direct survey: exercises;
- The laser-scanner survey: exercises;
- The photogrammetric survey: exercises;
- The restitution of measures collected during the campaign phase: traditional methods and 3D software.
The practical exercises will have as their subject a building agreed with the teacher of the course, of which the students will carry out the survey and the subsequent representation through the use of the most widespread techniques of digital representation.
S. Bertocci, M. Bini, Manuale di rilievo architettonico e urbano, CittàStudi Edizioni, Novara, 2012.
Cundari C., Il rilievo architettonico. Ragioni, fondamenti, applicazioni, Ermes, Milano, 2015.
M. Docci, M. Gaiani, D. Maestri, Scienza del disegno, CittàStudi Edizioni, Novara, 2017.
M. Docci, G. Maestri, Manuale di rilevamento architettonico e urbano, Laterza & Figli, Bari 2009.
The course will be organized in a series of lectures held both through the realization of drawings at the blackboard, both through the projection of presentations previously arranged. In order to allow a continuous and progressive learning of the systems of survey and representation, in parallel with the theoretical lessons, a practical exercise will be assigned. The exercise, to be carried out in groups, will have as its object the survey (and the consequent graphic restitution) of a small building.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of learning will be carried out continuously during the course, through the evaluation and control of all the material produced by the student.
The verification will be so modulated:
Application of the methods of representation in drawings (knowledge): 50%;
Application of the techniques of representation in drawings (skills): 40%;
Autonomous choice of the modes of survey and representation (independence of judgment): 10%.