PHYSIOPATHOLOGY OF WATER-SALINE AND ACID-BASIC BALANCES
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Once completed the course, students will comprehend causes and mechanisms underlying the main disorders of osmotic and electrolyte
homeostasis so as to apply this information to the pathophysiology of common clinical conditions.
Adequate reharsal of information acquired in the courses of Chemistry and Human Physiology is highly recommended.
Course contents summary
The pathophysiology of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base disorders.
Osmotic and Volume disorders: pathophysiology of water and sodium
Hypernatremia and hyponatremia.
Disorders of potassium homeostasis: hyperpotassemia and hypopotassemia.
disorders: acidosis and alkalosis.
Disorders of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium.
Harrison's: Principles of Internal Medicine. McGraw-Hill Ed., 20th ed, 2018
McCance, Huether, Brashers, Rote Fisiopatologia ed elementi di Patologia Generale
Lessons will be on site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented.
Lectures will be interactive and will be carried on through a dialogue between the teacher and the students. Examples of true-life situations and clinical cases will be also provided so as to raise the interest of the students.
Supporting didactic material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lessons.
Slide consultation will be necessary but NOT sufficient for students preparation.
Assessment methods and criteria
No interim summative evaluation is programmed, while valutative or diagnostic evaluations will be possible.
The final summative evaluation will consist in the oral examination of the Integrated Course.
For further information see the Integrated Course of General Pathology and History of Medicine.