Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the end of the Course we expect the student to be able to know and understand the tools and the basic methodology to develop and use the own and specific concepts of hygiene in the prevention of infectious and non infectious diseases in hospital and non-hospital setting.
Among the competences acquired, students will be able to:
develop self-analysis of certain health risk factors, prevention strategies both individual and collective, and of interventions to promote the health and safety of health care workers and users.
Course contents summary
Definition of health. General concepts of hygiene and prevention.
Health education and health promotion
Epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases.
Epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases.
Environmental hygiene with particular reference to the quality of water intended for human consumption and the hygiene aspects of swimming pools.
Epidemiology and general prevention: concept of health and determinants; concept of hygiene and tools; epidemiology, data, descriptive and frequency measures (rates, incidence and prevalence), epidemiological studies, association measures.
General epidemiology of infectious disease: sources of infection, mode of transmission, channels of infections. Features favoring the spread of infections. Ways of infections onset in the population.
The levels of prevention (quaternary, tertiary, secondary, primary prevention).
General prophylaxis of infectious diseases, notification, isolation, disinfection, sterilization, active and passive immunization, chemioprophylaxis.
Epidemiology and prevention of blood transmissible infections (HBV, HCV, HIV).
General principles of epidemiology and prevention of not infectious diseases. Screening definition and main features of a screening test, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values. Screening campaigns.
Epidemiology and prevention of care-associated infections.
Drinking water. Quality-supply sources and possible ways of pollution; requisites of the water drinkability.
Hygiene aspects of swimming pools
Barbuti, Fara, Giammanco et al. Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica . Edises (2014).
Signorelli C. Igiene e sanità pubblica. Secrets. domande e risposte. Editore SEU (2017).
Educational material provided by the teacher.
Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lectures
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the definited objectives achievement consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and whether it is able to apply the knowledge acquired in the exercise of profession. In case the COVID-related sanitary emergence continues, the examination will proceed on the Teams platform (see the guidelines at the address: http://selma.unipr.it/).