PHYSIOLOGY OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Deep knowledge of physiological changes induced by exercise, necessary to develop critical faculty in the evaluation of training. A further aim is to provide a basic knowledge of the main signs, symptoms, deficit and problems of motor control deriving from lesions and diseases of the nervous system.
Course contents summary
The Cardiovascular System and Its Control: Heart, Vascular System, Blood
The Respiratory System and Its Regulation: Pulmonary Ventilation, Pulmonary Volumes, Pulmonary Diffusion, Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood, Gas Exchange at the Muscles, Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
Cardiorespiratory Responses to Acute Exercise: Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Exercise; Respiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
Adaptations to Resistance Training: Resistance Training and Gains in Muscular Fitness; Mechanisms of Gains in Muscle Strength.
Adaptations to Aerobic and Anaerobic Training: Adaptations to Aerobic Training; Adaptations to Anaerobic Training
The Endocrine System: Organization and Acute and Chronic Responses to Physical Activity
Body Composition and Nutrition for Sport: Calorimetry, Assessing Body Composition; Classification of Nutrients; Water and Electrolyte Balance
Exercise Performance and Environmental Stress: Physical Activity at Medium and High Altitude; Exercise and Thermal Stress ;Sport Diving; Microgravity.
Neurology: main signs, symptoms, deficit and problems of motor control deriving from lesions and diseases of the nervous system.
Fisiologia dell’uomo, a cura di P.E. Di Prampero e A. Veicsteinas, Casa Editrice EDI-ERMES, Milano
Fisiologia applicata allo sport. McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Fisiologia dell'esercizio Fisico, Kraemer WJ, Fleck SJ, Deschenes MR. Calzetti e Mariucci Editori
Scientific papers and course pack
Assessment methods and criteria
Physiology of Physical exercise: oral exam