DOMESTIC ANIMALS ANATOMY, EMBRIOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the end of the training activity, the student should have acquired knowledge and skills related to cytology, histology, embryology, general anatomy and anatomy of animals of zootechnical interest that may be useful to the L38 graduate.
In particular, the student should be able to:
D1 - KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING;
know, interpret and understand the morpho-structural organization of animals of zootechnical interest.
D2 – APPLYIN KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING;
Know how to apply the acquired knowledge to connect the various topics discussed, to make comparisons, to carry out checks, to assist in the resolution of diagnostic problems and to deal with profitable studies of physiology, pathology, reproduction, biomechanics and animal welfare, conditions of breeding, as well as characteristics and quality of the animals according to their production.
D3 – MAKING JUDGEMENT;
a) describe and interpret autonomously the microscopic (cytological and histological) images and the morpho-structural characteristics of organs, apparatuses and systems of animal of zootechnical interest
D4 – COMMUNICATION SKILLS;
a) Describe, orally, in a clear, exhaustive and synthetic way, using appropriate technical terminology, macroscopic images, organs, apparatuses and systems.
b) know how to communicate with the professional figures that he/she will meet in the operating environment of his/her profession, using an appropriate language in relation to the context and the interlocutor
D5 – LEARNING SKILLS.
a) independently consult and comprehend scientific texts other than textbooks,
b) carry out a bibliographic research on specific topics related to the discipline,
c) Possess the mastery of the subject sufficiently wide to allow him/her to study and understand the related and characterizing subjects of the study course in SZTPA.
Specific knowledge provided by the entrance test or alternatively, recovery of educational debt in Biology
Course contents summary
The course includes different parts.
- The first part is dedicated to cytology, histology and embryology (CEI). Regarding cytology, the course recalls knowledge about the structure of the eukaryotic cell. Concerning embryology, it addresses topics ranging from gametogenesis to the formation of the three germ layers, moreover provides knowledge in relation to fetal membranes, placentation in farm animals. Concerning Histology, the course provides knowledge in relation to the morpho-structural and functional characteristics of Epithelial tissue, Connective tissue, Muscular tissue, Nervous tissue. Moreover it provides basic concepts on the development and the anatomy of the nervous system.
- The second part of the course, dedicated to osteo-arthro-myology (OAM), gives basic concepts on anatomy and terminology to be used. Hence, the main parts of animal body are defined and knowledge about moprho-structural aspects of the locomotor apparatus is given.
The third part of the course provides knowledge on the anatomy (SPLACNOLOGY) of endocrine organs, digestive tract of monogastric and ruminants, the uro-genital male and female apparatus. Finally, this part provides general knowledge on the cardiovascular apparatus, respiratory apparatus, common integument, with particular attention to morphostructural aspects of the ungulates’ hoof and udder.
Morpho-structural aspects of eukaryotic cells
Processes of embryonic development of farm animals
- Gametogenesis - Early stages of embryonic development - Generalities on fetal membranes
morphology - structural and ultrastructural characteristics of animal tissues
- Epithelial tissues
• Glandular epithelia
• specialized epithelia
- Connective tissues
• Connective tissues proper and specialized connective tissues
- Muscle tissue
• Smooth muscle
• striated skeletal muscle tissue
• cardiac striated muscle
- Nervous tissue
General anatomical terminology and main parts of the body.
General organization of the organs
• Mrpho-structural aspects of bone and contractile tissues
• Mrpho-structural aspects of the alimentary canal and glands in monogastric and ruminant
• Morpho-structural general aspects.
• Morpho-structural aspects of male and female uro-genital organs
• Kidneys and urinary tract
• gonads and genital tract
• Heart and blood circulatory system: morpho-structural general aspects.
• Lymph-vascular system
Nervous system: general organization of the nervous system
Endocrine glands: morpho-structural aspects
Common Integument: general aspects
• morphological and structural aspects of udder and nails
Observation, description and study of dry anatomical praparations and demountable models.
Study of the main apparatuses and organs through the use of an anatomical software
BORTOLAMI R., CALLEGARI E., CLAVENZANI P., BEGHELLI V., Anatomia e fisiologia degli animali domestici, Edagricole, Bologna
The didactic activity, corresponding to a total of 6 CFU pertaining to the course of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology of Domestic Animals, is divided into 35 hours of lectures plus 16 hours of teaching practice.
The lectures will include:
- topics of cytology, embryology, histology,
- general knowledge about anatomy, terminology to be used, definition of the main animal body parts, topics of anatomy of the locomotor system.
- the lectures will also provide knowledge regarding macro-and microscopic anatomy of endocrine organs, digestive tract of monogastric and ruminants, uro-genital male and female apparatus. General knowledge provide on cardiovascular apparatus, respiratory apparatus and common integument. During the lectures, besides slides, students will also have the opportunity to directly observe some anatomical specimens and some models. Students will also use an anatomical software to view virtual 3D images of the various apparatuses and systems (individually or in any combination) of the different species of animals. All organs can be seen from any angle and at different zoom levels.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an writtenl examination in which the student must answer 3 questions regarding the contents of the course (CEI, OAM, and SPLACNOOLOGY). An oral discussione will follow on the answers provided in the written test.It will be verified if the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and the ability to apply the acquired knowledge. rious tissues and organs, by the analysis of microscopic.
Votes shall be cast out of thirty and communicated immediately at the end of the test.
To the students with diagnosis of specific learning disability (DSA) certified under law n. 170/2010, proper specific support will be provided.