Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding.
Students need learn the fundaments of the structure and component of the anatomy of the different organs in the adult;
Applying knowledge and understanding
Students must use acquired knowledge to recognize gross anatomy, position of organs in anatomical models.
Ability to reason about the correlation between structure and function of an organ.
Ability to understand and be understood in technical situations
Ability to summarize a scientific paper published on anatomy journal and to write a scientific progress report
THE COURSE MEANS TO SUPPLY THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE
ORGANIZATIONS OF THE VARIOUS ORGANS AND APPARATA OF THE
HUMAN ORGANISM and THE ADEQUATE ANATOMICAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE APPARATUS OF
Knowledge and understanding: the course is designed to give the students the methods for studying the morphological and functional organization of the human body at the different levels: the organs and the gross anatomy of the human body.
Applying knowledge and understanding: the student must recognize organs at the macro and microscopic level. Making judgements: the student must solve simple case studies.
Communication skills: the student must use technically sound terminology.
Learning skills: the student must be able to summarize a brief anatomical text.
Course contents summary
First lessons: organization of the human body, terminology and plans body; concept of organs, apparatus and system.
Following lessons: description and composition of the main systems.
General features about skeleton, skeletal muscles, joints, with particular reference to skull bones.Angiology: heart and systemic and pulmonary circulation. Lymphatic system; lymph nodes, thymus and spleen.General features of human body system: respiratory system (nose,pharynx larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs);digestive system (oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, liver and pancreas);urogenital system;endocrine glands.General features about the central nervous system (encephalon and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (cranial and spinal nerves with particular reference to the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves).Cortico spinal pathways and general sensory system. Auditory and vestibular apparatus: external ear; tympanic cavity; internal ear( bony labyrinth, membranous labyrinth, vestibule, saccule, utricle,semicircular ducts, cochlea and cochlear duct, spiral organ of Corti). Auditory and vestibular pathways.
Organization of human body: terminology and body plans. Concept of
organ, apparatus and system. Locomotion apparatus: general
characteristics and classification of bones, joint and muscles. Blood and
lymphatic vascular apparata: morphology and structure of heart.
Structure of arteries, veins and blood capillaries. General characteristics
of pulmonary and systemic circulation. General characteristics of
lymphatic circulation and lymphopoietic organs (lymph nodes, spleen,
etc.). Digestive system: morphology and structure of oral cavity, tongue,
pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Associated
glands: liver, pancreas. The peritoneum. Respiratory system: morphology
and structure of nose cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs.
The pleura. Urinary system: morphology and structure of kidney and
urinary tract. Ovarian cycle. Description of uterine tubes, uterus.
Endocrine apparatus: general characteristics of structural organization of
endocrine glands (thyroid, parathyroid, hypophysis, epiphys, adrenal
glands, thymus, Langerhans islets). Nervous system: organization of
central nervous system and its components (spinal cord, encephalic
trunk, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon). Main ways of
general sensitivity and of motor system. General organization of
peripheral and autonomic nervous system.
Visual apparatus: bulb of the eye. Conformation of the bulb of the eye.
Fibrous tunic, vascular tunic and nervous tunic. Optic nerve. Eye dioptric
system. General vascular organisation. Accessory organs of the bulb of
the eye. Orbital cavity. Orbital fat body. Fibrous annexa, motor apparatus
and protection apparatus of the
General features about skeleton, skeletal muscles, joints, with particular reference to skull bones.Angiology: heart and systemic and pulmonary circulation. Lymphatic system: lymph nodes, thymus and spleen.General features of human body system:respiratory system (nose,larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs);digestive system (oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, liver and pancreas);urogenital system;endocrine glands.General features about the central nervous system (encephalon and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (cranial and spinal nerves with particular reference to the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves).Cortico-spinal pathway and general sensory system. Auditory and vestibular apparatus. External ear. Tympanic cavity; auditory ossicles.Internal ear: bony labyrinth, membranous labyrinth, vestibule, saccule, utricle,semicircular ducts; cochlea and cochlear duct, spiral organ of Corti. Auditory and vestibular pathways.
Martini,Timmons,Tallitsh- Anatomia Umana -EdiSES
Ambrosi et al. Anatomia dell'uomo 2° ed-Edi-Ermes
Oral lesson, lectures. Assimilation of scientific literature concerning the
methods, the experimental protocols, the animal models, stem cell
culture isolation and characterization procedures.
Before each new lesson, the teacher will first summarise then check
whether the previous topics have been well understood through an
interactive discussion with the students.
Class lectures with the aid of anatomical patterns
Assessment methods and criteria
Besides the short exams described above and performed throughout the
course, there will be a final oral exam during which the student wil be
asked questions on topics discussed during the course. Not only will be
the understanding of a specific topic valued, but also the capacity of the
student to trace those links necessary to the understanding of the
biological phenomenon described.
The check of the knowledge will be made by an oral exam at the end of the course, concerning the main topics of human anatomy with reference to respiratory system and auditory and vestibular apparatus.