Fundamentals of anatomy
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding: the course aims to provide students with
the tools and theoretical concepts for the study of the morpho-functional
organization of the human body to its different levels: the cell, the cell
organization in the tissue, the tissue integration in the organs, the
anatomical organization of the macroscopic organs, apparatuses and
systems. Applying knowledge and understanding: at the end of the
course the student should know and be able to recognize the light
microscope, the cell structure and the structure of human tissues. It must
also know the morphology of the organ system of man. Making
judgements: the student must be able to support anatomical reasoning
about the correlation between structure and function of an organ. Communication skills: the student must At the end of the course the
student will speak with technical language appropriately. Learning
skill: at the end of the course the student will be able to summarize a
short text anatomical.
Course contents summary
First lessons: Cell and its components; tissue formation, organization and
classification; organization of the human body, terminology and plans
body; concept of organs, apparatus and system. Following lessons:
description and composition of the main systems.
Cell and its components. Classification, localization and morpho-functional correlations epithelial tissues, connective tissues, Muscle tissue; Nervous tissue. Locomotor apparatus: structural organization
(cytological and molecular) of bone, cartilage and muscle. Bones, joints
and major muscle groups. Bones of the head, trunk and limbs.
Macroscopic functional anatomy of joint of the spine, scapoloomerale,
elbow, wrist, hip joint, knee and ankle. Cardiovascular system: cellular
and molecular organization of the endothelium. Anatomy macroscopic
and microscopic of the heart, coronary vessels, heart valves. Structure of
the wall of the arteries, veins and capillaries. Course of the main arteries
and veins. Functional anatomy of the blood-forming organs primary (bone
marrow) and primary lymphoid (thymus) and secondary (spleen and
lymph nodes). Digestive system: general organization: the mouth,
pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Liver and
bile ducts. The pancreas and pancreatic tract.trachea, bronchi,
lungs. Urinary system: gross anatomy and microscopic-functional kidney.
Molecular anatomy of the nephron. Endocrine system: general
organization. The hypothalamus and the neurosecretory nuclei, pituitary.
Thyroid and parathyroid, adrenal glands, the pancreatic islets. Neuroanatomy: organogenesis and general organization of the nervous
system. Macroscopic anatomy, architecture and structure of the spinal
cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon with morphofunctional
correlations. The cranial nerves. Pathways of voluntary and
automatic motility. General visceral sensitivity. Anatomy of the visual,
auditory and vestibular systems. The meninges, the cerebrospinal fluid
and the ventricular cavities. Skull-brain topography. The autonomous
nervous system. The peripheral nervous system: macroscopic anatomy
with functional correlations and innervation territories.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course
consists in an written and an oral examination, concerning the content of
the course. The written test will be a multiple-choice test and will serve to
ensure that the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and
understanding of the content. The oral test will allow to verify that the
student uses an appropriate anatomical language. You must pass both
exam steps in the order shown.