Food and Beverages 2
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding: the course aims to enable the student to
have a general knowledge and understanding of the main properties of
animal origin products as well as oils and fats and preserves(composition,
microbiology, texture, also in relation with the main features of processes
and shelf-life) compared to the description made by different
communication channels (laws, mass-media, advertising etc). Another
objective of this class is to transfer knowledge about the factors
involved in sensory perception of food, the different types of sensory
analysis techniques, the proper modes to carry out sensory tests and to
analyze the results
Applying knowledge and understanding:
The class aims to enable students to apply the knowledge learned in the
employment context identified in the areas covered by the employment
opportunities typical of the degree course
Making judgments: the course aims to enable the student to begin to
develop an autonomous capacity to draw conclusions thanks to the skills
learned to seek and gather relevant data, interpret them and use the
most appropriate to communicate scientifically sound information
Communication skills: the course aims to enable the student to
communicate the knowledge about products to people expert and/or not
Learning skills: The course aims to give students the learning skills
Nothing to declare
Course contents summary
The course deals with the main characteristics (composition, chemistry,
structure) of a wide range of animal origin food, oils and fats, preserves, alchoolic and analchoolic beverages, cocoa, tea and cofee
used as food and as an ingredient in other foods, with a particular
attention to their links with key aspects of the method of production,
territorial origin, labelling, marketing and consumption, shelf life.
The furnished knowledge will permit to make a link between the
technical-scientific literature and the communication proposed by other
information channels (laws, mass media, advertising, etc.).
Food of animal origin
Condensed milk and powdered milk
Yogurt and fermented milk
Vegetable and fruit preserves
Meat product technology:
Cooked ham, meat emulsions, mortadella bologna,
Parma ham, coppa, bacon, other italian products,
Natural and artificial casings
-Introduction to sensory analysis.
-Sensorial attributes of foods.
-Controls for test room, product and panel.
-Factors influencing sensory verdict.
-Errors in Sensory analysis
-Discrimination tests: techniques, panel selection
and training, analysis of
- Wine (harvest, wine making with and without
maceration, stabilizing treatment, aging and
physico-chemical and sensory changes, defects and
alterations of wines)
Non-alcoholic beverages: fruit juices and soft drinks.
Nerve food: coffee and tea.
Slides provided from teacher and other materials
dealing with product
Microbiologia e tecnologia lattiero - casearia -
Qualità e sicurezza
I grassi e gli oli di origine animale
Gli oli provenienti dalla lavorazione delle olive
I prodotti di trasformazione: le margarine, gli
Conserve di frutta
- Classificazione delle proprietà sensoriali degli
- Psicofisiologia della percezione.
- Errori fisiologici e psicologici legati alle valutazioni
- I requisiti del laboratorio di analisi sensoriale.
- Il reclutamento la selezione e l’addestramento dei
- Regole per la preparazione e la presentazione dei
- Le scale di valutazione: scale di categoria, lineari e
- Descrizione dei principali test discriminanti.
Bevande alcoliche: Vino (raccolta, vinificazioni con e
senza macerazione, trattamenti stabilizzanti,
invecchiamento e modificazioni chimico-fisiche e
sensoriali, difetti ed alterazioni dei vini).
Distillati di vino, di vinacce, di cereali e di altri
Bevande analcoliche: succhi di frutta e bibite.
Alimenti nervini: caffè e tè.
The chemistry and technology of edible oils and fats
and their high fat
products- Academic Press
Industria dei salumi-Edagricole
Sensory evaluation techniques 3rd edition,
Meilgaard, Civile, Carr, CRC
- Handbook of Enology, Volume 1: The Microbiology
of Wine and Vinifications, 2nd Edition
Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon (Editor), Denis Dubourdieu
(Editor), B. Donèche (Editor), A. Lonvaud (Editor)
- Handbook of Enology, Volume 2: The Chemistry of
Wine - Stabilization and Treatments, 2nd Edition
Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon (Editor), Yves Glories
(Editor), Alain Maujean (Editor), Denis Dubourdieu
The course will consist of videorecorded teacher lectures with videotapes and
slides provided to the
students and uploaded every week on the Elly platform.
Assessment methods and criteria
The final exam is a written exam for both modules.
The written text (I module) consists of 5 questions
about general topics relating to the whole program
of the course. From the answers given by the
student, the teacher tests his/her ability to
understand the different food products topic of the
course and the interconnections between products
and their characteristics. There are no tests during
the course. The teacher will assess the degree of
understanding of the subject by the completeness of
the responses and the ability of the student to
established connections between the various topics
giving a score
commensurate with the expressed understanding
and capabilities that will be the score achieved for
the overcoming of the module.
The written exam (II module) will consist in 4 open
questions with the aim to verify the level of
knowledge acquired and the
scientific-technical language achieved by the
The final score of the course will be the arithmetic
mean of the scores of the two modules. The final
marks will be published as soon as possible on
Esse3 platform. The students can make an
appointment with the teacher to discusss about the
final mark and view the results.
In the case of the necessity to integrate with the
remote mode due to the persistence of the health
emergency, the exams will be carried out through
written or oral questions in a remote mode by Teams platform.
Due to COVID emergency, the couse and the
examination may change. The teacher will
communicate the new way to attend the course and
to give the exams by Elly platform and web site of