SCIENTIFIC AND NATURALISTIC MUSEOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims at giving the theoretical basis and the management guidelines for museum professionals, and especially for curators of scientific and natural history museum.
Course contents summary
Museums and their functions. Differences between museum of art and science museum. Phenomenology of science museum: a) different criteria of planning and designing exhibits; b) the languages of science museums; c) the evolution of communication in relation to the kind of public. History of collections and of museums. Identity and cultural project of a museum. Codes and laws concerning museums. Museum deontology. The professions of museum. The work of curators in natural history museums. Objects as tools for communication. Planning and designing of permanent galleries and exhibits. Planning and designing of temporary exhibitions. Museum didactics and education within museum. Tendencies in contemporary scientific museography. Interactive and laboratory museums. Museums ‘of objects’ and open air museums. The ‘transparent’ model of a science museum. Beyond the traditional format: the supply of permanent services and the web model of connections. The need of visibility and of social acceptance.
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations.
Articles from on-line Journals of ANMS “Museologia Scientifica” and e “Museologia Scientifica -Memorie”. http://www.anms.it/riviste
Documents and papers from the website of ICOM Italia. http://www.icom-italia.org/
Pinna G. - 1997 - Fondamenti per un Museo di Storia Naturale. Jaca Book, Milano.
Basso Peressut L. (a cura di) - 1997 - Stanze della meraviglia. I musei della natura tra storia e progetto. CLUEB, Bologna.
Tomea Gavazzoli, M.L. - 2011 - Manuale di museologia. Rizzoli ETAS, Milano.
Davis, P. - 2001 - Musei e ambiente naturale. Il ruolo dei musei di storia naturale nella conservazione della biodiversità. CLUEB, Bologna.
Nardi E. (a cura di) - 2001 - Leggere il museo. Proposte didattiche. SEAM, Formello (Roma).
Lessons, theoretical-practical exercises, other activities (visits of museums and/or exhibitions).
Assessment methods and criteria
The exam will ascertain the student knowledge through 3 questions. The student should prove to know deeply the theoretical contents of the course, spanning all the main themes dealt with during the lectures.