Learning outcomes of the course unit
Considering that these professionals are also figures in charge of environmental monitoring and protection, the aim of the course is to provide a thorough preparation with respect to the main environmental problems they will have to confront with. In particular they must acquire the ability to process the information deriving from the control systems in place (water and air quality monitoring) and to define the validity of the prevention interventions applied or to modify them if they are not effective.
No prerequisites required.
Course contents summary
The course consists of a detailed study of issues related to environmental hygiene partly addressed in previous years. Considering the three environmental compartments (air, soil and water), the aspects relating to their pollution and the prevention and / or recovery measures to be implemented for their protection will be examined in depth, also in light of the current eco-friendly development policies. The course will also use seminars in collaboration with professionals from the various sectors and possibly guided tours. Finally, the public structures responsible for environmental hygiene management, their functions and the relative areas of competence will be described.
Introduction to the Environmental Hygiene course. Definition of "Environment". Definition of "Health". Pollution of water, air and soil. Sustainable Development.
Water. Water supply. Sources of water supply: surface water and deep water. Water pollution: chemical, physical and biological pollutants. Waters intended for human consumption. Quality requirements and reference standards: organoleptic, chemical-physical, chemical and microbiological parameters. Water disinfection: physical and chemical means.
Waste water. Urban wastewater: chemical-physical and microbiological characteristics. Collection, treatment and disposal of waste water. Reference legislation.
Waste. Definition of "Waste". Municipal waste, special waste and hazardous waste. Sanitary waste. Waste management. Recycling. Waste disposal. Incineration. Controlled landfill. Reference legislation.
Air pollution. Definition of "atmospheric air". Physical parameters of air. Definition of "pollution". Outdoor air pollution. Atmospheric pollutants: primary and secondary. Sources; Effects of air pollution on human health. Main contaminants: sulfur oxides, total particles, PM10 and PM2.5, ozone, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, benzene. Current legislation and reference limits. Indoor Air Pollution.
Material provided by the teacher
The course will be held through lectures to Students either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. Therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform.
Lectures will be supported by slide presentations, which will be available to students on the Elly platform (https://elly2020.medicina.unipr.it/).
Assessment methods and criteria
Written examination, multiple choice test.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
structured written test conducted remotely (by Teams and Elly). The test consists of 30 multiple choice questions on the course contents (reference texts + documents uploaded to Elly during the course). There is no penalty for incorrect answers.
The final mark, reported directly on Esse3, will correspond to the arithmetic average of the assessments obtained in the written test.
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://sea.unipr.it/it/servizi/le-eli-che-supporto-studenti-con-disabil...