NETWORK SECURITY + LABORATORY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide the student with the knowledge of the main security mechanisms and protocols used for securing communications and for protecting computer networks; in particular the knowledge and understanding of:
- applied cryptography;
- main algorithms and protocols for authentication and for securing data exchanges;
- main communication security protocols;
- possible network vulnerabilities and main network protection mechanisms.
Applying knowledge and understanding are:
- analysis of authentication and data protection schemes based on symmetric and/or asymmetric cryptography;
- design of mechanisms for authentication and secure data exchange;
- configuration and use of standard security protocols and algorithms (e.g. IPSec and TLS protocols; AES, DES, 3DES, RSA cryptography algorithms; digital signature and certificates X.509 and PGP; etc.)
- use of tools for network monitoring and vulnerabilities scanning;
- configuration of systems (e.g. firewalls) for network protection.
Familiarity with TCP/IP stack and networking.
Course contents summary
Cryptography basics and algorithms;
Authentication mechanisms and digital signature;
Protocols for secure communications;
Main network threats, vulnerabilities, and countermeasures;
Systems for network protections;
Laboratory activities on cryptography, network vulnerabilities and network protection.
Syllabus (every class or laboratory = 2 hours)
Class 1: course organization, objectives, textbooks, exam details; preview of the course; security services; attacks; security tools; symmetric cryptography: introduction; cryptography and cryptanalysis; cipher example (Caesar cipher)
Class 2: symmetric cryptography: types of attacks; side channel attack; computational security; example of cryptanalysis; substitution cipher; polyalphabetic substitution cipher; one time pad (OTP) cipher; transposition; steganography
Class 3: product cipher; block and stream ciphers; block ciphers: block size; substitution and permutation; Feistel cipher; DES; double DES; TDEA
Class 4: AES; encryption of long messages; padding; ECB; examples of attacks to ECB; CBC; examples of attacks to CBC; OFB; CFB; CTR
Class 5: hash functions; brute force attack; birthday paradox; MD5; SHA
Class 6: password hashing; encryption using hash functions; message authentication; MAC and HMAC functions
Class 7: number theory: modular arithmetic, relative prime, Euclid's algorithm, multiplicative inverse
Class 8: number theory: extended Euclid's algorithm, examples; Fermat's theorem; totient function
Class 9: Euler's theorem with demonstration; RSA; RSA example; simple mod pow computation
Class 10: RSA security, primarity test, discrete logarithm, DH, digital signature, RSA signature, signature and encryption, DSA
Class 11: peer entity authentication, zero-knowledge, passwd management, one-time password, challenge-response authentication
Class 12: challenge-response authnetication thorugh symmetric cipher/ MAC/hash/asymmetric algorithms, zero-knowledge, Fiat-Shamir
Class 13: exercises
Class 14: key establishment, symmetric-cryptography-based key establishment, server-based key establishment (KDC)
Class 15: public-key based key establishment; DH and MITM attack to DH, authenticated DH, STS, SIGMA
Class 16: group key management; LKH, group DH, public key distribution, digital certificates, cert chain, trust path
Class 17: certification authority (CA); public key infrastructure (PKI); X.509 certificates; PKCS; certification revocation list (CRL); PGP
Class 18: AAA; HTTP authentication; RADIUS, Diameter; Kerberos; IPSec, ESP, IKE; TLS, TLS handshake
Class 19: anonymity, high-latency anonimity systems; low-latency anonimity systems, onion routing, TOR
Class 20: network vulnerabilities; sniffers; eavesdropping; MITM; spoofing; ARP spoofing; TCP spoofing
Class 21: ICMP attack, DDoS, routing attacks, net scanning, DHCP attack, DNS poisoning, network scanning
Class 22: firewall, packet filter (PF), ALG/Proxy, FW configurations
Class 23: PF exercises; NAT; intrusion detection system (IDS)
Class 24: exercises
Laboratory 1: stream cipher in java; brute force attack
Laboratory 2: symmetric cryptography with openssl
Laboratory 3: symmetric cryptography in java
Laboratory 4: hash functions with openssl, hash cracking; hash computation in java
Laboratory 5: asymmetric cryptography in java
Laboratory 6: project assignement
Laboratory 7: project development
Laboratory 8: X.509 digital certificates
Laboratory 9: project development
Laboratory 10: sniffing, MITM, vulnerability scanning
Laboratory 11: linux netfilter/iptables
Laboratory 12: project development
Class lessons (40h), and in class exercises (8h) carried out by the teacher with students, laboratoy acitvities (24h).
Assessment methods and criteria
The exam can be succeeded as:
1) divided into two written examinations, at the middle and the end of the course, together with a project assignment carried out during the course; or
2) written exam and project assignment, during regular scheduled examinations.
The written exam is composed of questions and exercises.
Examples of exercises are shown and solved during the course.