HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
I. Ability to use theoretical, methodological and content knowledge about the historical-philosophical tradition in the area of contemporary philosophy (Dublin Descriptors 1: knowledge and understanding); II. ability to write papers that incorporate the acquired theoretical, historical and methodological knowledge (Dublin Descriptors 2: applying knowledge and understanding); III. independent critical engagement with conceptual material (Dublin Descriptors 3: making judgements); IV. ability to position oneself in relevant debates/traditions (Dublin Descriptors 4: communication skills); V. Development of those learning skills that are necessary for students to continue further study with a high degree of autonomy (Dublin Descriptors 5: learning skills).
No specific prerequisites required
Course contents summary
Heidegger and Wittgenstein: Points of Contact
Already in the last decades of the twentieth century different authors (f. e. R. Rorty and K. O Apel) emphasized a substantial similarity between the hermeneutic-linguistic analysis of Being and Time and the philosophy of «language games» of the «second Wittgenstein». The course will address these points of contact, in particular focusing on the anti-mentalism, the anti-foundationalist conception of knowledge and the idea that the basis of knowledge and language should be rethought in pragmatic terms.
- M. Heidegger, Sein und Zeit (1927), trad. it. a cura di F. Volpi, Essere e Tempo, Milano, Longanesi, 2005
- L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations (1953), trad. it. a cura di R. Piovesan e M. Trinchero, Ricerche filosofiche, Torino, Einaudi, 1967.
- C. Esposito, Il periodo di Marburgo (1923-28) ed «Essere e Tempo»: dalla fenomenologia all’ontologia fondamentale, in F. Volpi (a cura di), Guida a Heidegger, Bari, Laterza, pp. 113-166.
- D. Marconi (a cura di), Guida a Wittgenstein, Bari, Laterza, 2002, capp. IV, V, VI.
Frontal lessons and seminars
Assessment methods and criteria
The evaluation will be based on a written paper (40% of the final grade) and a oral exam on the texts listed in the course bibliography (60% of the final grade).