ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE WORLD CLASSIC
Learning outcomes of the course unit
-Knowledge and understanding
Students will develop knowledge and comprehension competence in the field of archaeology thanks to the use of different sources (manuals, books and scientific articles, lectures, online learning objects etc.) regarding foundation topics and advanced research in the field of classical archaeology.
-Applying knowledge and understanding
Students will be able to apply their knowledge and understanding skills to participate with medium-responsibility functions in activities aimed at safeguarding, managing and enhancing the Greek and Roman archaeological heritage; they will be able to master the archaeological sources and the survey techniques useful in the classical field; they will be aware of the consistency and the thickness of the Greek and Roman archaeological heritage also in its landscape components; they will be able to evaluate and link authors and works in their aesthetic and stylistic aspects and place them in their proper historical-cultural and socio-communicative context; they will know how to collaborate in possible excavation activities, archaeological surveys and other activities in the classic setting field.
Students will be able to collect and interpret data to determine autonomous judgements in in the field of classical archaeology, including cross-cultural and interdisciplinary thinking on cultural and intercultural, scientific and ethical topics connected to the judgements expressed.
Students will be able to convey information, ideas, problems and solutions to specialists and non-specialists.
Students will develop learning skills useful to fulfil further studies in classical archaeology and more generally speaking as learners in the second cycle or in lifelong learning education.
Course contents summary
The course will examine the main features, tools, and methods useful for the knowledge of classical archeology, with particular reference to the new perspectives of archaeological research and the main contexts known. The course A, building on the history of archeology greek -Roman tradition and the perception of ancient European culture medieval, modern and contemporary art, will face off, with appropriate attention to the current debate, the guidelines and the periodization of the development of classical. The more traditional methods in terms of art-historical and philological research will complement those related to the stratigraphic excavation, new technologies applied to cultural heritage, the surface survey, preventive archeology . Tools and methods will be proposed, in a critical sense, highlighting the contribution to the identification of new data, with particular reference to the archeology of ancient Rome and its monumental center. The course B will examine the construction and management of the ancient city as the coefficient of identity and consent in the greek-roman world. The urban model will be investigated, such as diagnostic tools, the main factors of development and territorial control, settlement programs, the plan, the structural setting and infrastructure, the architectural language, techniques, building codes, urban design. The birth of the city will be historicized in relation to the construction and evolution of political, social and cultural life of the classical world: the Roman world will be exemplified phases of continuity with the pre-Roman settlements, the new foundations, interventions sillan and municipal phases triumviral and Augustan, the encoding of the imperial age. The semantic systems and their narrative tools of the Roman city will be exemplified in the specific contexts of ancient Italy, with particular regard to Rome and the Roman cities in the first imperial age: the realities of settlement minors will be demonstrated in structuring urban sense as the coefficient of aggregation socio-political and civic identity and the progressive definition of their shape in relation to the dialectic between political hierarchies established and emerging power groups; Rome will address the construction of a monumental architectural concrete instrumental party in power of the ruling dynasty, which will be located in the expressive language of ancient written sources, the epigraphic and numismatic, in the characters of street furniture in the topics introduced by the decorative programs monumental, licensing expressive claimed by the story of pictorial and sculptural images. The examination of the lymphatic system of the city will see, finally, the contribution of humanistic skills and techniques required in the professional archaeologist who work in urban areas with continuity of life: preventive archeology, archival research, geological surveys, mapping of urban environments, virtual archaeology will be proposed.
The bibliography corresponds to the sum of the two bibliographies indicated for the modules that make up the integrated exam.
Lectures, stratigraphic excavation, possible exercises and seminars. The teaching materials will be made available on the Elly Unipr platform.
Assessment methods and criteria
The oral exam will be based on a discussion about the written part and of
topics dealt with during the classes and through the study of materials
and books assigned.
A fail is determined by the lack of an understanding of the minimum content of the course, the inability to express oneself adequately, by a lack of autonomous preparation, the inability to solve problems related to information retrieval and the decoding of complex texts, as well as an inability to make independent judgments. A pass (18-23/30) is determined by the student’s possession of the minimum, fundamental contents of the course, an adequate level of autonomous preparation and ability to solve problems related to information retrieval and the decoding of complex texts, as well as an acceptable level of ability in making independent judgments. Middle-range scores (24-27/30) are assigned to the student who produces evidence of a more than sufficient level (24-25/30) or good level (26-27/30) in the evaluation indicators
listed above. Higher scores (from 28/30 to 30/30 cum laude) are awarded on the basis of the student’s demonstration of a very good or excellent level in the evaluation indicators listed above.