Learning outcomes of the course unit
The main objective of this module is to give students the basic knowledge of eukaryotic cells and tissues. At the end of the course, students will know and will be able to discuss critically on the eukaryotic cell, on the intra and inter cellular relationships and on the tissue organisation.
Course contents summary
The module of Histology aims at teaching students the basic knowledge of the cell and its components (plasma membrane, cytoplasm, Golgi's apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitocondria, nucleus), the cell cycle, the stem cells, the processes involved in cell differentiation, the formation and organisation of tissuses. In addition, attention will be paid to the basic processes of spermatogenesis and ovogenesis, fertilization and the first 4 weeks of embryonic development, to the three-dimensional delimitation of the human embryo and at the beginning of organogenesis.
The biomolecules and the sopramolecular complexes (only with respect to the propedeutical elements to the discipline). The cell: Structural aspects, energy aspects, functional aspects. The extracellular matrix. Cellular organs and apparatus: Morphological and functional aspects. Cell cycle and cell duplication mechanisms. Basic concepts on stem cells and differentiated cells. Cellular populations.
Morphological and functional aspects of the various types of differentiated somatic cells. Germ cells. The tissues.
Fertilization and first four weeks of development with hints of initial organogenesis. Structure and development of the placenta.
Didactical material given by the teacher, including the slides of the course.
The main books adopted are:
- S. Adamo et al. ISTOLOGIA per i corsi di l. in prof. sanitarie - ed. PICCIN
- A.L. Mescher JUNQUEIRA Istologia Testo e Atlante - ed. PICCIN
- R. Di Pietro Elementi di Istologia - EdiSES
- G. Sica et al. ISTOLOGIA per le professioni sanitarie - casa ed. Idelson-Gnocchi GG SORBONA
- I. Dalle Donne et. al. ISTOLOGIA ed elementi di anatomia microscopica - EdiSES
- R. Colombo, E. Olmo BIOLOGIA. Cellula e tessuti - Edi ermes
- M. Barbieri, P. Carinci EMBRIOLOGIA Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
- M. De Felici et. al. Embriologia Umana - ed. PICCIN
Before each new lesson, the teacher will first summarise then check whether the previous topics have been well understood through an interactive discussion with the students.
Assessment methods and criteria
Besides the short exams described above and performed throughout the course, there will be a final oral exam during which the student wil be asked questions on topics discussed during the course. Not only will be the understanding of a specific topic valued, but also the capacity of the student to trace, using the appropriate language, those links necessary to the understanding of the biological phenomenon described.