HISTORY OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The history of art and architecture are essential in the intellectual development and in the practise of architecture. The major aim of the course is to enable the student to make judgment, have an historical and bibliographic instruments to be able to analyse and understand movements, effects and protagonists (architects, artists, patrons, benefits, etc) of this fundamental period (first Dublin Descriptor). To achieve this aim it’s necessary to always use multiple approaches and different methods of analysis observing the Unity of History (second Dublin Descriptor).
Undergraduate shall be able to: use the acquired knowledge to make personal and mature judgements (third Dublin Descriptor); use the appropriate technical language (fourth Dublin Descriptor); establish logical connections between topics; read the complexity of architecture (fifth Dublin Descriptor).
Course contents summary
History of modern architecture (60 hours, 6 CFU).
Aim of the course is to offer a complete outline of Western architecture from XVIII to XX century; the course offers new keys to interpret the world and the role of art and architecture in the society.
1. L. BENEVOLO, Storia dell’architettura del Rinascimento, Bari-Roma, Laterza, suggested editions: 20082;
2. D. WATKIN, Storia dell’architettura occidentale, Bologna, Zanichelli, third edition: 2007 (or subsequent editions), chapters 6-7;
3. N. PEVSNER, Storia dell’architettura europea, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1966 or subsequent editions, chapters 5-7;
4. B. JESTAZ, Il Rinascimento dell’architettura da Brunelleschi a Palladio, Milano, Electa-Gallimard, 1995 or subsequent editions).
A. Set of monographic texts on Renaissance:
1. Chapters on Brunelleschi and Alberti (pp. 38-165), in F.P. FIORE (a cura di), Storia dell’architettura italiana. Il Quattrocento, Milano, Electa, 1998;
2. Introduction and essays on Rome (pp. 9-159) in A. BRUSCHI (a cura di), Storia dell’architettura italiana. Il primo Cinquecento, Milano, Electa, 2002;
3. J. ACKERMANN, Palladio, Torino, Einaudi, 1972 or subsequent editions.
B. Set of monographic texts on Baroque:
10. R. WITTKOWER, Arte e architettura in Italia 1600-1750, Torino, Einaudi, 1972 or subsequent editions (only chapters on architecture) + images in R. TOMAN (a cura di), Barocco. Architettura, pittura scultura, Köln-Milano, Könemann, 1999;
11. Introductory texts (pp. 9-99) and chapters on Bernini, Borromini and Pietro da Cortona (pp. 146-209), in A. SCOTTI TOSINI (a cura di), Storia dell’architettura italiana. Il Seicento, Milano, Electa, 2003;
12. Introductory texts (pp. 9-99) and chapters on Emilia Romagna (pp. 336-391), in A. SCOTTI TOSINI (a cura di), Storia dell’architettura italiana. Il Seicento, Milano, Electa, 2003.
Teacher orientated lessons with slides and documentary films; possibility to visit museums and monumental sites; possibility of seminars with external experts.
Attendance is highly recommended because contents of the course are necessary to complete the chronological excursus about Western Architecture and to take for some following exams. Students unable to attend (with certificate reasons such as work) have to contact the teacher to agree on a proper bibliography.
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, if necessary elementary sketch exemplifications, descriptions of photos or drawings of buildings, details, architectural sculptures, etc. The first set of questions tends to evaluate the basic knowledge of the program (first Dublin Descriptor) and basic ability to establish logical connections between topics (second Dublin Descriptor). The second set of questions checks strictly: the criticism (third Dublin Descriptor); the correct use of the appropriate language (fourth Dublin Descriptor); the ability to establish logical connections between topics and of reading the complexity of architecture (fifth Dublin Descriptor).