Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide students with the basis for knowledge of the organization of plants, from evolutionary, anatomical and functional point of view.
The student must be able to apply the acquired knowledge to critically interpret the correct use of phytotherapics and the main medicinal plants.
Course contents summary
Development of living organisms and photosynthetic organisms. Types of nutrition. Prokaryotes, cyanobacteria. Endosymbionitic theory. Tallophytes and cormophytes. Main types of plants. Plant cell. Plastid, photosynthesis. Cellular wall. Vacuole and secondary metabolism. Anatomy of the plant. Stem, root, leaf, flower. Plant growth regulators.
Individuals autotrophic and heterotrophic.
taxonomy and nomenclature units. Systematics, taxonomy, identification.
Classifications: descriptive systems, morphological, phylogenetic.
Reproduction (asexual, sexual).
Mushrooms. Organization and main biological characteristics
The main divisions of the plant kingdom.
THE PLANT CELL
Chloroplast: ultrastructure. Photosynthesis.
The cell wall.
The middle lamella
The primary wall
Cellulose and hemicellulose
The secondary wall
Chemical modifications of the wall
Pharmaceutical importance Wall
the vacuole; vacuole functions
the vacuolar juice components
secondary metabolism production of active ingredients in medicinal plants.
ANATOMY OF THE PLANT
The different zones of the stem and root development
Anatomy of the stem
the primary structure zone
transition from the primary to the secondary structure
secondary structure zone
The omoxilo wood and eteroxilo
Anatomy of root
anatomical differences between root and stem
Flower anatomy and pollination
Anatomy of the main types of fruits
True fruits and false fruits
mineral elements and their function in the plant
Tropisms and circadian rhythms
Raven P.H.et al. : BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE,sesta edizione. ZANICHELLI
Maugini E.et al : MANUALE DI BOTANICA FARMACEUTICA, settima edizione. PICCIN
Stern K.R. et al. : INTRODUZIONE ALLA BIOLOGIA VEGETALE
Teaching will take place through classroom lectures.
Each lesson will be supported by projections of iconographic material and explanations of the concepts expressed.
Assessment methods and criteria
The verification of learning will be carried out by oral examination. Students' abilities to understand histology, anatomy and plant physiology will be evaluated, with particular attention to the necessary logical processes of reasoning among the various parts of the program. The scientific communication skills of the topics will be evaluated in addition.