DISEASES OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
Learning outcomes of the course unit
1 descriptor Dublin: knowledge and understanding
learn the basic techniques of ophthalmic surgery and the principles of operation and use of the main diagnostic tests under physiological conditions and in ophthalmic diseases and adnexa
2 Dublin descriptor: knowledge and understanding applied
The knowledge gained will be applied to the clinical and surgical management of patients with diseases of the eye and adnexa
3 descriptor Dublin: Judgement
At the end of the course, the student will be able to make the main diagnostic tests covered in this course, as well as to evaluate the indication for surgery in patients with eye diseases. .
4 descriptor Dublin: communication skills
the student should speak with the correct technical language
5 Dublin descriptor: ability to learn
the student will be able to (a) understand the mode of execution of the main diagnostic tests in the district, (b) perform maneuvers semeiology instrumental and (c) become aware of probematiche of the major eye surgery, and know to plan a program of assistance on the professional orthoptist to Assistant in Ophthalmology, regarding clinical cases dealt with
Knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathology of ocular elements
Course contents summary
Discipline of Surgery - Prof. Stefano Gandolfi:
Cataract surgery: preoperative evaluation of the patient, introduction of techniques used for cataract extraction, the follow-up in the absence and presence of complications.
Glaucoma surgery: surgical indications, preoperative functional assessment, outline of surgical techniques used in the various types of glaucoma (ie, congenital, juvenile, adult, acute, refractory etc..), Follow-up of patients operated for trabeculectomy.
Corneal surgery: the penetrating keratoplasty (indications, preo postoperative evaluation with particular reference to the keratoconus patient, follow-up post-poperatorio), dell'ametropia myopic refractive surgery (indications, medico-legal aspects, outline of surgical techniques, follow-up).
Retinal surgery: the approach scleral buckling and vitrectomy (indications, risk / benefit ratio of each technique, orthotic complications of surgery for retinal detachment)
Strabismus surgery: general principles of strabismus surgery. Surgery on horizontal rectus muscles, Cyclovertical deviation surgery, Pre and post operative surgical semeiotics.
Eyelid surgery: surgical anatomy of the eyelids. Surgical semeiotics of eyelid malpositions, ptosis surgery, ectropion and entropion surgery. Eyelid retraction surgery.
Discipline of Semiotics - Dr. Paolo Mora:
In the first lessons, the course aims through interactive practical exercises to introduce the principles of operation of the slit lamp and make the student able to learn the use of the tool in the examination of the anterior segment, both in physiological and pathological conditions.
The second part of the course is to make students know and understand the principles of operation and use of the main diagnostic tests in vitreo-retinal diseases that most commonly encountered in clinical practice. It also provides the basic elements for the interpretation of these methods.
The third part of the course includes lessons contact lenses, which deals with the study of anatomical and functional lacrimal apparatus and the main diagnostic tests used in clinical practice; discusses the various types and characteristics of contact lenses, principles of application and discusses the complications associated with the use
- American Academy of Ophthalmology Ophthalmic series
- J.S. Shuman C.A. Puliafito et al: Tomografia a coerenza ottica delle patologie oculari Verduci Editore 2006
- Duane's Ophthalmology Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2002
- Yannuzzi et al: Retina, Vitreo, Macula Verduci Editore 2000
- M.Yanoff, JS. Duker: Ophthalmology Mosby 2004
During the lectures will be illustrated and discussed the content of the course.
The course will be supported by practical exercises and individual, in order to provide the opportunity for each student (a) to be able to measure in various clinical situations with the practical use of the main diagnostic tools discussed in a theoretical way during class and (b) witness the execution of surgeries performed on the eye and ocular adnexa. Due to the emergency situation the lessons could also take place remotely (synchronously / asynchronously) using Microsoft Teams.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives set by the course includes an oral exam.
Through questions regarding the course content, it will be determined if the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Through questions concerning the principles of operation and interpretation of the main diagnostic tools covered in the course, will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of applying the acquired knowledge. Due to the emergency situation, the exam could only take place in the oral / remote form using the Microsoft Teams platform.