to furnish knowledge and tools to the students for learning and intepretation of
chemical and isotope composition of the waters: from sampling to data
Course contents summary
Concentration units. Italian and european water laws and regulations. Water
composition and classification.
Analytical methods, accuracy and precision of the data. Elements of thermodynamic: equilibria, saturation index,
Weathering processes and activity diagram.
Chemical and isotope geothermometers.
Isotope geochemistry: stable (18O/16O, 2H/1H, 34S/32S) e radiactive (3H) isotope.
Water speciation and calculation software (PHREEQCI).
Laboratory excercises on water software and/or analytical methods
Appelo C.A.J., Postma D. (1994, 2007) Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution.
Kehew A.E. (2001) Applied Chemical Hydrogeology. Prentice Hall
Langmuir D. (1997) Aqueous Environmental Chemistry. Prentice Hall
Clark I., Fritz P. (1997) Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology. Lewis
Sharp Z. (2007) Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry. Pearson Prentice Hall
Faure G. (1998) Principles and Application of Geochemistry. Prentice Hall
Venturelli G. (2003) Acque, Minerali e Ambiente. Pitagora
PHREEQCI: http://wwwbrr.cr.usgs.gov/projects/GWC_coupled/phreeqc/ (freeware)
frontal and laboratory lessons; use of geochemical software. Part of the exercises will be individual and practical in order to allow the student to independently accomplish a specific analytical procedure outlined in theory during the lessons.
Assessment methods and criteria
exercises; texts reading of books or scientific publications in the classroom; final oral exam