Learning outcomes of the course unit
The Course of Clinical Pathology is part of the Integrated Course of Medical Sciences1.
The course aims to enable the student to know and understand the main laboratory tests, in order to achieve the ability to use the knowledge and understanding gained in identifying the patient's problems related to the disease.
Basic knowledge of biology, cytology, histology and genetics is required to understand the topics covered in the course
Course contents summary
The course will concern on the following content:
1.Generalia of clinical patholgy
2. Blood and cytometric exams
3.The laboratory in the diagnostic of anemias
4. Serum proteins
5.The laboratory in the evaluation of hemostatic function
6. Transfusion medicine
7. First level laboratory tests for the study of liver function
8. Laboratory tests for the study of kidney function
9.The laboratory in diabetes mellitus
10.The laboratory in cardiovascular diseases
11.The laboratory in respiratory diseases
12. Analysis of the cephalo-rachid fluid
Insertion of the Laboratory data in the diagnostic procedure and its functions in other optics such as prevention, prognosis, therapy and screening. Emergency exams and routines (examples)
Evaluation criteria of the analytical data
Factors that influence the reliability and interpretation of laboratory data:
Evaluation of iron metabolism
Hemoglobin and Bilirubin
Laboratory diagnostics anemias and diseases white blood cells
Albumin and globulins
Meaning specific protein dosage
Dosage of plasma enzymes and hormones
Evaluation of coagulation, fibrinolysis, platelet function
Major laboratory diagnostics coagulopathies
Main hepatic enzymes
Bile and bilirubin
Jaundice and urea cycle
Chemical-physical examination of urine
Osmolarity and specific weight
Dosing of the main electrolytes
Uriemia, azotemia, creatinine (and clearance)
Proteinuria, glycosuria, hemoglobinuria, hematuria
Diabetes laboratory diagnostics
Cardiac ischemia markers
Analysis of the cephalo-rachid fluid
The cerebro-spinal fluid
G. Federici: Medicina di laboratorio – McGraw – Hill (last edition)
Widmann: Interpretazione clinica degli esami di laboratorio – McGraw – Hill (ultima edizione)
The course will be conducted through interactive lectures in front of the students, with the aid of illustrative material that, at the end of the course, will be made available to students on Elly site (https://elly2020.medicina.unipr.it/) at the pages of the course.
During the lessons we will discuss the issues related to laboratory tests and their interpretation topic will be exposed, encouraging students to ask questions on the basis of references that will be provided.
The course will be held either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform(for instructions, see http://selma.unipr.it); therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform.
Assessment methods and criteria
Verification tests in progress will not be carried out. Final assessment will be carried out through oral examination. In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows: remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide http://selma.unipr.it/).
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://sea.unipr.it/it/servizi/le-eli-che-supporto-studenti-con-disabil...).
Each student will be asked questions on topics listed in the extended program. The inability to answer a question (or at least ascertained inability to provide a correct definition of the pathological phenomenon subject of the application) will result in not passing the exam.
The student will be evaluated with votes ranging from 0 to 30, with 18 being the lowest vote to positively pass the exam. The final vote will be decided by mutual agreement among the teachers of the integrated course.