Learning outcomes of the course unit
The main objective of this module is to give students the basic knowledge of the mechanisms by which the human organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis at level of cell and tissue, the mechanisms of transport and communication and the basal metabolism.
At the end of the course, students will know and will be able to discuss critically on the functional mechanisms of the human body organs, the knowledge of their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general mechanisms of functional control in normal conditions and in particular pathological conditions. Also, they will update their knowledge of the main functional reports in healthy humans.
Course contents summary
The first part of the course is focused on the mechanisms underlying the general functions of the cells as transports, electrical and chemical communication, mechanical activity, metabolism.
The second part of the course addresses question on the functions of the main apparatus of the body as cardiovascular and pulmonary.
Properties and functions of cell membranes
Excitation, Conduction and Trasmission of the Nerve impulse
Muscle Excitation and Contraction.
Dynamics of the Peripheral Circulation.
Electrical Impulse Formation and Conduction of the Heart
The Cardiac Pump
Uptake and Delivery of the Respiratory Gases
Pulmonary Gas exchange
Mechanisms of Breathing
Control of Ventilation
FISIOLOGIA, dalle molecole ai sistemi integrati.
E. Carbone, F. Cicirata, G. Aicardi.
W.J. Germann, C.L. Stanfield, FISIOLOGIA UMANA, Ed. EdiSES
Before each new lesson, the teacher will first summarise then check whether the previous topics have been well understood through an interactive discussion with the students.
Assessment methods and criteria
Besides the short exams described above and performed throughout the course, there will be a final exam during which the student wil be asked questions on topics discussed during the course. Not only will be the understanding of a specific topic valued, but also the capacity of the student to trace those links necessary to the understanding of the phisiological phenomenon described.