INTERNSHIP OF DISEASES OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR APPARATUS
Learning outcomes of the course unit
During the course the student will acquire specific knowledge about the topics covered during the oral lessons. In particular, the student will acquire specific knowledge about the cardiac diseases, appropriately using the diagnostic tests. Therefore the student will know the meaning of diagnostic tests in Cardiology. Among the diagnostic test, the student will be able to read the electrocardiogram and to interpret the most important anomalies
Anatomy of the heart and the circulation.
The cardiovascular physiology
Course contents summary
At the end of the course the student will have to know the major cardiopathies, arrhythmias, heart failure syndrome, sudden cardiogenic death and its causes. the student will need to know the main diagnostic tests in Cardiology and their correct use. It will need to know the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and, in particular, arterial hypertension and its cardiac complications.
Chronic coronary artery disease, Acute coronary syndrome. Sudden cardiac death.
Heart Failure: Systolic Heart failure , heart failure with preserved ejection fraction .
Valvular heart disease
Cardiomyopathies : Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilatative cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy and arrhytmogenic cardiomyopaty
Hypertensive heart disease
Arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation
Diagnostic tests:ECG, Exercise stress testing, Echocardiography, Radiology of the heart, Nuclear cardiology, Magnetic resonance Imaging, Computed tomography, Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography
Harrison's. Principi di Medicina Interna, Mc Graw-Hill.
Braunwald’s Heart Disease, Saunders Ed.
Assessment methods and criteria
2 optional courses on ECG and echocardiographic techniques y will be proposed.
A seminar will also be held in October on gender medicine which will focus in particular on gender differences in cardiovascular diseases