DISEASES OF THE VISUAL APPARATUS (B)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To educate the student on the pathophysiology and clinical course of the main diseases affecting the visual system and ocular adnexa. The Course will encompass (a) lectures, (b) tutorials and (c) seminars. Students will, by default, attend all lectures and tutorials, but are free to choose the seminar(s) they are most interested in. Upon completion of the Course, each student will be able to discuss basic clinical cases, involving the visual system and ocular adnexa, by creating individual flow charts on diagnostics and therapeutics, and sharing them with patients and their relatives
Having successfully completed the pre-clinical Courses
Course contents summary
OPHTHALMOLOGY (SSD MED30, n = 3 CFU): Eye refraction. Refractive disease: pathophysiology and treatment (basics of refractive surgery), Basics of ophthalmic instrumental diagnostics (perimetry, electrophysiology, fluorangiography, echography, OCT, corneal topography). Orbit and lcrimal tract diseases. Orbital cellulis,. exophthalmos and thyroid associated ophthalmopathy, diagnosis of anterior segment disease: basics on conjunctivitits, keratitis, uveitis. Glaucomas: chronic open angle, congenital, secondary, chronic and acute closed angle. The cataracts: congenital, acquired, age-related. Basics on cataract surgery. Retinal vascular diseases (arterial and venous occlusion). Diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy: diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, predictive value on long-term life-span prognosis. Vitreoretinal pathologies: rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, proliferative vitreo-retinopathy (PVR), age-related maculopathy, retinopathy of prematurity. Eyeball neoplasms: uveal melanoma, retinoblastoma. Basics in neurophthalmology: optic neuritis, papilledema, anisochoria, chiasmatic syndrome and optic tract compression. Uveitis and systemic disease. Congenital and concomitant strabismus. Functional ambliopia: diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Paralitic strabismus and gaze palsy. Basics on communication with the vision disabled patient
Azzolini, Carta, Gandolfi, Marchini, Menchini, Simonelli, Traverso: "Clinica dell' apparato visivo" Ed. Edra - Masson , Edizione: II 9/2014
C. Sborgia – N. Delle Noci, Malattie dell’Apparato Visivo, Ed. Piccin
J.J. Kanski, Oftalmologia clinica, Ed. Elsevier
L. Bonomi, Argomenti di Oftalmologia, Protei Editori
M. Miglior – B. Bagolini – B. Boles Carenino – N. Orzatesi – L. Scullica M. Zingirian, Oftalmologia Clinica, Ed. Monduzzi
The course will be held through lectures to Students either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. Therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform.
Lectures will be supported by slide presentations, which will be available to students on the Elly platform (https://elly2020.medicina.unipr.it ).
Assessment methods and criteria
within the frame of the oral examination, the student will be asked to discuss basic clinical cases, involving the visual system and ocular adnexa.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide http://selma.unipr.it/).
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://sea.unipr.it/it/servizi/le-eli-che-supporto-studenti-con-disabil...)