# ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

## Learning outcomes of the course unit

At the end of the class, the student should be able to:

-Knowledge and understanding the fundamentals of classical chemical analysis

-Understanding the reason why a particular laboratory instrumentation is used as well as standard operative procedures

- applying both from the theoretical and practical point of view, selected analytical official methods used in water analysis

- making judgement about their own results of laboratory activity, by using a proper evaluation of repeatability and a comparison of label data of commercial bottled water.

- communicating the results of their own laboratory activity by writing a laboratory notebook in which personal observation should be reported

to provide the basic concept of the classical chemical analysis to the first year students

## Prerequisites

Knowledge of General ad Inorganic Chemistry (1st year 1st semester)

Knowledge of General ad Inorganic Chemistry (1st year 1st semester)

## Course contents summary

Analytical principles of thermodynamics of the chemical

equilibria, homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, distribution functions,

calculations about equilibrium concentrations. Activity and concentration.

Solubility of ionic compounds, solubility product, effect of the common ion.

Fractioned precipitation by pH control. Partitioning equilibria. Analytical

principles of redox equilibria, potentials of the galvanic cells. Complex formation equilibria,

chelates, distribution diagrams for complexation equilibria. Interaction between

solubility, protonation, complexation, redox and partitioning equilibria.

Applications in the recognition and separation of cations and anions, reactivity

tests in the classical qualitative analysis. Principles of quantitative analysis.

Principles and applications of volumetric analysis. Acid-base titrations,

precipitation titrations, redox titrations, complexometric titrations. Principles

and applications of gravimetric analysis.

Laboratory practical activities

Analytical principles of thermodynamics of the chemical

equilibria, homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, distribution functions,

calculations about equilibrium concentrations. Activity and concentration.

Solubility of ionic compounds, solubility product, effect of the common ion.

Fractioned precipitation by pH control. Partitioning equilibria. Analytical

principles of redox equilibria, potentials of the galvanic cells. Complex formation equilibria,

chelates, distribution diagrams for complexation equilibria. Interaction between

solubility, protonation, complexation, redox and partitioning equilibria.

Applications in the recognition and separation of cations and anions, reactivity

tests in the classical qualitative analysis. Principles of quantitative analysis.

Principles and applications of volumetric analysis. Acid-base titrations,

precipitation titrations, redox titrations, complexometric titrations. Principles

and applications of gravimetric analysis.

Laboratory practical activities

## Course contents

Analytical principles of thermodynamics of the chemical

equilibria, homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, distribution

functions,

calculations about equilibrium concentrations. Activity and concentration.

Solubility of ionic compounds, solubility product, effect of the common

ion.

Fractioned precipitation by pH control. Partitioning equilibria. Analytical

principles of redox equilibria, potentials of the galvanic cells. Complex

formation equilibria,

chelates, distribution diagrams for complexation equilibria. Interaction

between

solubility, protonation, complexation, redox and partitioning equilibria.

Applications in the recognition and separation of cations and anions,

reactivity

tests in the classical qualitative analysis. Principles of quantitative

analysis.

Principles and applications of volumetric analysis. Acid-base titrations,

precipitation titrations, redox titrations, complexometric titrations.

Laboratory practical activities

Analytical principles of thermodynamics of the chemical

equilibria, homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, distribution

functions,

calculations about equilibrium concentrations. Activity and concentration.

Solubility of ionic compounds, solubility product, effect of the common

ion.

Fractioned precipitation by pH control. Partitioning equilibria. Analytical

principles of redox equilibria, potentials of the galvanic cells. Complex

formation equilibria,

chelates, distribution diagrams for complexation equilibria. Interaction

between

solubility, protonation, complexation, redox and partitioning equilibria.

Applications in the recognition and separation of cations and anions,

reactivity

tests in the classical qualitative analysis. Principles of quantitative

analysis.

Principles and applications of volumetric analysis. Acid-base titrations,

precipitation titrations, redox titrations, complexometric titrations.

Laboratory practical activities

## Recommended readings

D.S. Hage, J.D. Carr - Chimica Analitica e Analisi Quantitativa, Piccin Editore

D.A. Skoog, D.M. West, F.J. Holler, Fondamenti di Chimica Analitica EdiSES, Napoli

D.C. Harris, Chimica Analitica Quantitativa Seconda Edizione, Zanichelli, Bologna

Exercises texbook:

S. ARANEO - Esercizi per la Chimica Analitica, Società Editrice Esculapio

D.S. Hage, J.D. Carr - Chimica Analitica e Analisi Quantitativa, Piccin Editore

D.A. Skoog, D.M. West, F.J. Holler, Fondamenti di Chimica Analitica EdiSES, Napoli

D.C. Harris, Chimica Analitica Quantitativa Seconda Edizione, Zanichelli, Bologna

Exercises texbook:

S. ARANEO - Esercizi per la Chimica Analitica, Società Editrice Esculapio

## Teaching methods

lectures and exercises (4 credits);

laboratory activities (2 credits)

To be admitted to the Laboratory the student should attend at least 50% of the theory lessons. The laboratory attendance is compulsory for at least 80% of the scheduled time. All the updated information are available on a slide published in ELLY

lectures and exercises (4.5 credits);

laboratory activities (1.5 credits)

## Assessment methods and criteria

written and verbal examination. To be admitted to the trials the student must: attend theory (50%) and laboratory class (80%), to attend the last laboratory lesson in which result will be evaluated and deliver the laboratory notebook. The written examination is preclusive of the oral one. Updated and detailed information are available on ELLY

written and verbal examination