APPLIED PHYSICS (CULTURAL HERITAGE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Course contents summary
Introduction: physical magnitudes and their measurement; dimensions, units of measure.
Kinematics in one dimension: velocity and acceleration; motion with constant acceleration.
Kinematics in two dimensions: scalars and vectors; projectile motion.
Dynamics: Newton's three laws; weight and normal force; friction; inclined plane.
Circular motion: kinetics and dynamics of uniform circular motion; centrifugation; artificial satellites.Work and energy: work; kinetic energy and work-energy principle; potential energy; conservative forces; energy transformations and energy conservation.
Momentum: Momentum and its conservation; elastic and inelastic collisions; centre of mass and barycentre; translational motion.
Rotation: angular quantities; kinematics of a uniformly accelerated rotation; rolling motion; twisting moment; rotational dynamics; rotational kinetic energy; conservation of the angular moment.
Fluids: density and specific weight; pressure in fluids; Pascal's principle; Archimedes' principle; Bernoulli's principle; viscosity and Poiseuille's law; surface tension and capillarity.
Vibrations and waves: simple harmonic motion; energy of simple harmonic motion; pendulum; damped harmonic motion; forced vibrations and resonance; wave motions; energy carried by waves; reflection and interference; refraction and diffraction.
Sound: characteristics of sound; acoustic impedance; loudness; noise and colour of sound; interference and beats; Doppler effect; resonance.
Temperature and heat: temperature and thermometers; zero principle of thermodynamics; perfect gas law; Avogadro's number; diffusion; internal energy of ideal gas; calorimetry; heat transmission.
Thermodynamics: first principle of thermodynamics; second principle of thermodynamics; thermal machines; entropy.
Electromagnetism: atoms and molecules; electric field and conductors; electric potential and electric field; electrical capacity; electric currents; electrical resistance; electric power; magnetic poles; magnetic field; electromotive force; currents in magnetic field.
Fisica di D.C.Giancoli, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Fondamenti di Fisica di D.Halliday et al., Casa Editrice Ambrosiana