ANESTHESIA AND INTENSIVE CARE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The objectives are:
- learn to move in operating rooms
- approach the evaluation of patients to be subjected to general and loco-regional anesthesia
- know how to distinguish the pharmacological principles of the different types of anesthesia
- evaluate the monitoring of vital signs in the operating room for different patients and the different types of anesthesia
- learn to recognize the different periods and post-operator journeys
- evaluation of the adverse event and of the emergency-emergency condition in the operating room
- evaluation of the critical patient in intensive care
Course contents summary
During the course the main anesthetic techniques will be illustrated: general anesthesia, loco-regional and intra-operative analgesia.
The importance of the preoperative evaluation of the different patients, of anesthetic drugs, of the clinical monitoring of the operative period will be explained.
In addition, specific anesthesia for each type of surgery will be shown.
The main problems in the operating room, and the related treatments, will be addressed, with an outline of the need for hospitalization in intensive care.
• Triage and management of medical resources
• Cardiac arrhythmias: etiology. pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment
• Acute myocardial infarction
• Cerebrovascular accidents
• The inadequacy. acute renal
• Metabolism: decompensated diabetes and other diseases
• Monitoring of the critical patient
Fluid therapy and vasoactive drugs
• Physiopathology and therapeutic diagnostic path
• Principles of general and locoregional anesthesia
• Monitoring of vital functions
• Physiopathology of pain
• Pain therapy
- Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital (English version). William E., Md. Hurford, Michael T., Md. Bailn J. Kenneth, Md. Davison, Kenneth, Md. Haspel, Carl, Md. Rosow. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Frontal lessons and slides
Practical exercises and case
Assessment methods and criteria
The student’s knowledge, topics’ comprehension and her/his skill to apply them on the occupational contexts will be evaluated by questions on the topics related to the course content. Failed answer to one or more questions or proved insufficiency of the basic knowledge on the subject will preclude the successful completion of the exam. In case of completion of the exam, an evaluation that contributes to the final grade of the course will be defined and it will be based on the achievement of the objectives (excellent, good, fair, fully sufficient, barely sufficient).