GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students must acquire knowledges of epidemiology and prophylaxis of infectious and non infectious diseases.
Moreover the student must acquire knowledges on the possible related risks infection for partorient woman and on the prevention actions
Course contents summary
Fundamental concepts of epidemiology and prevention of infectious and non infectious diseases. Measures and strategies of prevention. The levels of preventive action; active and passive immunoprophylaxis;chemoprophylaxis .
Healthcare associated infections .
Hygiene problems of food (outline).
The main aspects of environmental hygiene, with particular reference to the quality of water for human use.
Health and disease concepts
Epidemiology :definition and study areas.
Causal and risk factors. Overview of health demography. Data sources. Health indicators.
Epidemiological measures: rates and proportions; prevalence and incidence. Risk measures and causal relationship. Association. Epidemiological studies (outline).
General epidemiology of infectious disease. Sources of infection, mode of transmission .
Factors favoring the spread of infections.
Ways to onset of infections in the population.
The objectives and the methods of the prevention.
Prevention of infections:
discovery and inactivation of infection sources, interruption of transmission chains; increase of resistance to infections .
General principles of prevention of not infectious diseases.
Tertiary, secondary (screening), primary prevention.
Hospital acquired infections
Hygiene of environment
Drinking water. Quality-supply sources and possible ways of pollution; requisites of the drinkability of the water
Food hygienic safety problems (overvview)
Barbuti, Fara, Giammanco et al. Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica . Edises (2014)
Signorelli C. Igiene e sanità pubblica. Secrets. Domande e risposte. Editore SEU (2017)
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the module includes an oral examination for evaluating the knowledge and understanding of the content from the students.