HISTORY OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
By the end of the class the student will (in accordance with the Dublin indicators):
1. Read and master the basic vocabulary of ethical reflection on topics such as happiness, virtue, duty, value, and respect.
2. Apply the concepts learned in class to events and problems characterizing ethical reflection in our present.
3. Take a stance lucidly and on the basis of arguments on ethical issues pertaining to the topics examined in class.
4. Converse and debate on the ethical topics discussed in class making explicit references to the vocabulary and the argumentative strategies of the philosophical tradition.
5. Read and understanding autonomously complex philosophical texts on ethics.
Course contents summary
The course offers a survey of the key authorsand themes of moral philosophy in Western thought. We will devote special attention to some classics of ancient and early modern ethics, as well as their reception in contemporary thought.
In the first part of the semester we will discuss the most important episodes of the history of Western moral philosophy, paying special attention to Aristotle and Kant. In the second part of the semester we will read Edmund Husserl's "Introduction to ethics" and explore the ways in which a great original thinker like Husserl appropriated critically the historical heritage of ethical reflection.
1) Sergio Cremaschi, Breve storia dell'etica (Carocci 2012)
2) Aristotele, Etica Nicomachea (Bompiani 2000)
3) Kant, Fondazione della metafisica dei costumi (Laterza 1997)
4) Husserl, Introduzione all'etica (Laterza 2009)
Frontal lecture, seminar-style discussion, discussion with invited international experts.
Assessment methods and criteria
Assessment criteria and assessment thresholds:
30 cum laude: Excellent, excellent solidity of knowledge, excellent expressive properties, excellent understanding of the concepts
30: Very good. Complete and adequate knowledge, well-articulated and correctly expressed
27-29: Good, satisfactory knowledge, essentially correct expression.
24-26: Fairly good knowledge, but not complete and not always correct.
22-23: Generally sufficient knowledge but superficial. Expression is often not appropriate and confused.
18-21: Sufficient. The expression and articulation of the speech show important gaps.
<18: insufficient knowledge or very incomplete, lack of guidance in discipline, expression seriously deficient. Exam failed.