HUMAN, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENT
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Let the students be able to understand and reconstruct the evolution of human-environment relationship during time.
Supply the students to individualize the biological-cultural interactions of the human adaptation to the environment.
Course contents summary
Human ecology: definition and contents. Elements of prehistorical ecology, palaeobiology and human evolution. Environment and its main changes during Quaternary. The physical environment: climate and bioma (the bioma of forest, savanna, desert and sub-arctic zones). Actual human populations: human variability and racial classifications. Analysis of the concept of "race". Human populations: somatic, physiological and cultural characteristics and land distribution. Adaptations of the human populations to the different natural and artificial environments: physiological adaptation, genetic adaptation, cultural adaptation. Man and the climatic environment: biological and cultural strategies of adaptation to the different climates and habitat. Man, territories and alimentary resources: energetic requirement, bioma, productive processes and economy of scale. Demografic aspects.
Lecture notes provided by the teacher and the following texts:
Giorgio Manzi, L'evoluzione umana. Il Mulino
Giorgio Manzi e Alessandro Vienna. Uomini e ambienti Il Mulino
Marco Peresani, 2018. Come eravamo: Viaggio nell'Italia paleolitica Il Mulino.
Un libro a scelta tra:
Behringer Wolfgang, 2013. Storia culturale del clima. Bollati Boringhieri Editori.
Ingold Tim, 2001. Ecologia della cultura. Meltemi Edu.
Diamond Jared, 1997. Armi, Acciaio e malattie. Einaudi.
Diamond Jared, 2005. Collasso. Einaudi.
Diamond Jared, 2012. Il Mondo fino a ieri. Einaudi.
Assessment methods and criteria