PRINCIPLES OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To gain knowledge of physical exercise-induced adjustments and adaptations: positive effects in healthy subjects, and in main degenerative diseases; contraindication to competition in sports; sports nutrition, hydration, and supplementation; training and competing effects in adverse environmental conditions; gain knowledge about what kind of physical activity to prescribe (type, intensity, duration, frequency) in which clinical context and how to administer it; doping history, WADA prohibited list, national and international rule, current legislation, penalties, controls, side and expected effects of drugs. To frame doping related problem in the present social and cultural context.
Basic knowledge of biochemistry, anatomy and human physiology.
Course contents summary
Tasks and functions of Sports Medicine; safety of competitive and non competitive sport activities, and physical activity promotion. Precompetition medical examination.
Altitude and heat illnesses; hydration, nutrition and supplementation. Exercise and cardiovascular risk: hypertension, diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, inactivity. Sport anemia. Strain rabdomiolysis. Fatigue (overreaching e overtraining).
Drugs and sport. Drug prescription in sports. Doping: definition, history, motivation, related problems, risk, and sport activity safety. National and international rules. Antidoping: controls procedures, CONI and federation regulations, FMSI role, sanctions, current legislation limits. WADA prohibited list. Fight against doping: actions strategies.
D.R. Mottram: Farmaci e Sport. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
P. Zeppilli, V. Palmieri. Manuale di Medicina dello Sport e Pronto Soccorso. Ed. CESI.
Protocolli cardiologici per il giudizio di idoneità allo sport agonistico. Ed. CESI
A. Bonetti. Argomenti di Medicina dello Sport. Ed. MUP 2019.
Frontal lessons will be realised using slides
Assessment methods and criteria