GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Provide the student with the basic tools and methodology to enable him/her to understand the concepts and contexts for the application of the prevention of infectious and chronic degenerative diseases as well as the fundamentals of the epidemiology applied (concept of risk factor, causality relationship, epidemiological studies)
Course contents summary
Hygiene, Public Health Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
General epidemiology of communicable diseases: Reservoir and Source of the infection, Modes of transmission. The levels of prevention (Primary, Secondary and Tertiary). General Prevention of communicable diseases: Notification, Diagnostic assessment, Isolation and quarantine, Disinfection/sterilization, Active immunization, Passive immunization.
General Prevention of non-communicable diseases. Determinants of health and disease. The methodology of screening, sensibility, specificity and predictive value. Methods in epidemiology and elements of demography. Health indicators. Risk rate (Incidence and Prevalence), Causal Inference (Relative risk, Attributable risk and odds ratio). Classification of the epidemiological studies and some aspects of experimental studies (randomized controlled studies – RCTs).
Signorelli C. Igiene e Sanità Pubblica (Secrets, VII EDIZIONE). SEU, Roma, 2017
Igiene, Medicina Preventiva, Sanita' Pubblica Autore: Barbuti,Fara, Giammanco, Baldo, Borella, AAVV , Editore: Edises , Edizione: 2014.
Signorelli. Elementi di Metodologia Epidemiologica. Società Editrice Universo. years of publication 2011
The teaching will be carried out with lectures and interactive teaching with presentation of case studies that will give students the opportunity to confront themselves with real data and situations and to understand how the public health tools are transversal to the different clinical areas.
Assessment methods and criteria
The method of evaluation consists of an oral exam.
The exam will be used to verify the connection, learning and critical analysis skills acquired by the students at the end of the course
Classroom attendance is highly recommended